Image via WikipediaChief of the MaGill / MaGael / McGill / mac an Ghiolla (Giolla) / anGilli Clan the Royal & Ancient, Gael /Celtic, Irish, Scottish, enGilish & Norse etc.
The Derivation of the name, MaGael and MaGaeilg / MaGaeilge means son of the Irish in Europe's first written Language, Irish (and in Ulster Irish). mac An Ghaill / mac An Ghiolla means son of the Foreigners/Strangers.
anGilli means enGilish / Gael Celts.
Gall-Gaidheal, means 'Foreigner-Gaels' ( MaGills / Irish / enGilish - Gaels) the earliest speakers of Gaelic and enGilish languages.
In Sumerian Gal means Great King making Gall-Gaidheal as Great King MaGill / Gael / Irish / enGilish.
The Gail-eanga are another name for the Laigin, (Leinster Fir Domnann & King Gille Domnann Ireland Father of Gill Ebride and grandfather of King Somerled MaGill-bred etc), they are of three groups that represent the Ivernic-speaking peoples who inhabited Ireland before the Goidelic -speaking Gaels.
Among the Cruthnian tribes that survived in Ireland & Britain during the Iron Age 7th Century BC. were the Loíges and Fothairt in Leinster (Gaileanga / Fir Domnann).
The name of the first of these tribes Loiges survives in the modern form of Laois as the name of one of the counties of Leinster.
Early origins of the MaGill name can also be found in Lios a tseaGail (listo-Ghill) Ireland the large central monument in the Carrowmore group of Megalithic prehistoric tombs in County Sligo in Ireland close to Lough Gill, with carbon material calibrated to around 6100 years ago and re-constructed some time between 3640 and 3380 BC. Lios a tsaeGail is close to the Ceide Fields a Neolithic site north om Mayo Ireland circa 12,000-9,500 BCE and the most exstensive stone age site in the world. Listo-Ghill is very similar to the Esa-Gila complex forming the centre of temple to Marduk in Babylon sacred to Sumerian King abGulla and later Mesopetamian King Gil-Gamesh. (see more below).
Leinster includes the County of FinGal (Irish: Contae Fhine Gall, meaning County of the Forigner / MaGill Tribe or Kings). It was formed from part of the historic County Dublin and the name derived from the old Gaelic Fionn Gall, meaning fair Strangers/Foreigners /MaGills, denoting the Gael Irish Norse.
Fionn Ghaill means "Fair Haired Foreigners" / MaGills, Irish, enGilish, hence the term FinGal which was applied to the Gael Irish Norwegians. FinGalian is an extinct language, a hybrid of Gaelic and Old enGilish and Old Norsef influences, which was spoken by the people of FinGal Ireland until the mid-1800s. The other main group lived in County Down, became allied to the Dal Fiatach Kingdom.
In 2005 a study by Professor of Human Genetics Bryan Sykes of Oxford led to the conclusion that Somerled McGill fl.c1140 King of the Irish Sea, Kintyre & The Hebrides Scotland etc. (Son of Gill Ebrigte or Ebride f.1100 King of Angus Scotland) and grandson of Gill eDomnann had possibly 500,000 living descendants - making him the second most common currently known ancestor after Genghis Khan. (See St Domnann and St Colm Cille below).
In January 2006, geneticists at Trinity College, Dublin suggested that King Niall Noi-Giallach of Niall of the Nine Hostages (AirGialla) may have been the most fecund male in Irish history. The findings of the study showed that within the north-west of Ireland as many as 21% of men (8% in the general male population) were concluded to have a common male-line ancestor who lived roughly 1,700 years ago. The geneticists estimated that there are about 2-3 million males alive today who descend in the male-line from Niall whos great grandson was Tuathal Mael-Garb. see (Mael Brigte - Gill eDomnann - Gill eBrigte - Lulach MaGill) and (Gill eDomnann - Gill e-Comegain - Somerled MaGill)etc.
Interestingly, Gilling the Giant in Norse Mythology chased Odin for stealing the meade of poetry, and in the Prose Edda book Gylfaginning, Njoror from Vanaheimr was exchanged as a hostage during the Aesir-Vanir war and Vanaheimr was one of the "nine worlds."
Native Britons or Welsh is also claimed as an anGilli Germanic word for Foreigners /MaGills.
The Cruthin in Middle Irish Cruithni, in Modern Irish Cruithne were another Gaelic / Celtic people, with occasional historic reference in Gaelic sources, that lived within Ireland & Britain during the Iron Age 7th Century BC. Specifically, Cruithne was the contemporary Gaelic word for the peoples referred to in Roman histories, and subsequent derivative works, as the Gael & Picts (Painted Ones).
The Gaelic (Q-Celtic hypothesis) name Cruithne is cognate with the P-Celtic Pruteni (recorded in Ancient Greek as pryteni) (also Pritani), from which derives the name Pretannike (Latin Britannia), used as the term for Britain by Pytheas in about 325 BC. Today they are referred to as the Ancient Britons, whose nearest cultural descendants are the Welsh. The medieval Vulgar Latin form Bretani is the origin in the modern Irish form "Breathnach", which also means Welsh.
T. F. O'Rahilly in his historical model shows in his opinion the Priteni were the first Celtic group to inhabit Ireland & Britain, and also identifies them with the Gael Picts of Scotland. They settled in Ireland and Britain between 700 and 500 BC. Around 50 BC Diodorus wrote of "those of the Pretani who inhabit the country called Iris (Ireland)". Another early reference to the name Pict is found in a Latin document dated AD 297. The Picts are also a senior bloodline of the Gael Irish Celts through the Eoghanacht and descendants of Eoghan as is Finghin King of Munster Ireland c.600ad. The earliest Gael Irish Celt Picts faught painted and almost naked with Mohawk hairstyles.
Gael and (Goidel) are close to Gall from Gallia and Galatia. (Old Welsh Guoidel derivation "Pirate Raider"). A root * g(h)al- "powerful" (*gelh, well attested in Celtic or Geltic, and with cognates in Balto-Slavic).
Gallia is still used as the modern Greek word for France or Gaul in Latin. Gaul was the region including the west bank of the Rhine in Germany and the Netherlands, northern Italy, France, Belgium and western Switzerland. In enGilish the word Gaul refers to ancient speakers of the Gaulish language (a derivitave of early Celtic or Geltic) who were widespread in Europe and into central Anatolia by Roman times. (Latin Gallia, Gallus and Gallicus.)
Hellenistic aitiology connects the name with Galatia (first attested by Timaeus of Tauromenion in the 4th century B.C.). inspired by the "milk white" skin (gala, "milk") of the Gauls (Greek, Galatia, Galatae).
Keltoi (Celt/Gelt/Gael) and Galatai as a single origin refers to tribes *Kel-to and / or Gal(a)-to which were the earliest to come into contact with the Roman world and the word Keltoi or Celt/Gelt was coined more than 2,500 years ago to describe a tribe at the head of the Danube central Germany. By the 2nd century BC. Geltic or Celtic tribes were known as Gaelic, anGili (suevi anGili or suebi angeli) and Gallic.
Gallo is a lanugage of Brittany France of ancient Britons / Welsh / anGili /Foreigners and was a centre of ancient Megalithic constructions in the Neolithic era.
Cassius Dio - who wrote in Greek, though a Roman and starts his account of the Suebi anGili with Caesar's short stay over the Rhine in 55 BC. Dio says that they "dwell across the Rhine (though many cities elsewhere claim their name)" and that they were anciently called Celts: Earlier he had explained "...very anciently both peoples dwelling on ether side of the river were called Celts." Closely related to the Alamanni and often working in concert with them, the Suebi anGili for the most part stayed on the right bank of the Rhine until December 31, 406, when much of the tribe joined the Vandals and Alans in breaching the Roman frontier by crossing the Rhine, perhaps at Mainz, thus launching an invasion of northern Gaul. While they clashed with the Roman-allied Franks for supremacy in Gaul, more Suebi anGili under their king Hermeric worked their way to the south, eventually crossing the Pyrenees and entering the Iberian Peninsula (which was out of Imperial rule since the rebellion of Gerontius and Maximus in 409), their much earlier route to Ireland. King Hermeric's son Re-Ghila or Re-chila d.448 was a Suevic anGili King of Galicia.
The Syeboi anGeilloi presented by Ptolemy in his Geography (2.10) in the 4th Century Latinized to Suevi anGili and located south of the middle Elbe Gaul. Others present the canton enGilin in the basin of the Saale region of Gaul later Germany.
The same anGili were also mentioned in 569 under Frankish king Sigebert returning from the Italian Peninsula in 573. Procopius in the 6th Century, writes of the island of Britain being possessed by three very populous nations: the anGili, the Frisians, and the Britons.
Somerled McGill like his kinsman Hasculf thor Gillsson King of Dublin Ireland 1160, Gille Brigte King of Galloway Scotland c.1136, Harald Gille (Haraldr Gilli or Haraldr Gillikristr) King Harold IV of Norway, Fairhair Dynasty, House of Hardrada who was born in Ireland 1103 and became King of Gaeldonia (All North Britain) which was accepted by Magnus (Barefoot) King of Norway, The Irish Sea, Man & The Isles & Orkney & Shetland, Ulster, Dublin, Wales, York and all North Britain. These were also kinsman of Gilla Coemáin mac Gilla Shamthainne fl.1072 who wrote poems of Lebor Gabála Érenn (The Book of the Taking of Ireland) recounting the mythical origins and history of the Irish race from the creation of the world down to the Middle Ages refering to the Tower of Hercules (who's son was Gilla) in Galicia. Also kinsmen of Patraic Donnchad MaGilla, King of Osraige & Leinster Ireland 1039 and Lulach MaGill last King of the House of Alpin and 1st Coronated King of Scotland b.1030 (Son of Gill Ecoemgain (McaDomnann) King of Moray Scotland who was also preceded by kinsman Mael Brigte) and through his mother Grouch being grandaughter of Kenneth III. Alpin's son KennethI had earlier brought together the Kingships of Gael Dalriada and Picts. These were also kinsmen of Gilla ComGail MacArdGail King of Ulster Ireland 1004 etc.
Other Kinsmen also include Cuncar fl. c950, Dubacan d. 937, Indrechtach fl. c900, Máel Brigte, Ruadrí, Domnall, Morggán, Cathamal, Ruadrí, Ailgelach, Ferchar, Feradach, Fergus, Nechtan, Colmán, Báetán, Echdach, Muiredach, Loarn (hence Cenél Loairn), Ercc, Echdach Muinremuir etc.
(EBride or EBrigte from Brigid, Brigit ("exalted one"), is a mythology, Irish goddess worshipped in Celtic polytheism. She was the daughter of the Dagda who was the high King of the Gailenga /Laigain and Tuatha Dé Danann who founded Leinster Ireland and she was a poet.
(Mael Brigte / Gill eDomnan) - Gill eBrigte's marriage to Grouch (Malcolm III's grandaughter) strengthened the Gael line of the house of Alpin through their son Lulach MaGill, Mael Colm and Mael Beth represented Malcolm and MacBeth.
There are hundreds of obvious variations of spelling of the surname, all are pronounced virtually the same and common spellings for MaGill include: McGill MacGill, MaGilla, MGille, MaGilli, MaGyll, MaGaill, MaGhaill, Macan’Gaill, MaGael, MaGeil, MaGhill, MaGairill MaGall, MacIGhail, Makgill, MacCairill, MacCuill, MaCuilen, MaGuil, MaGuilen, ManGili, MacGumhaill, MiGuel. Clann a' Ghaill, Ghoill, Ghiolla, Gael, BaiGhill, DubGaill, ConGaill, ComGaill etc, has their own coat of arms, tartan, badge and slogan. MaGill/McGill is common in Ireland, West Scotland and Galloway South Scotland and Clan MaGill is the oldest, of all the clans.
Sons of MaGill include Gill, Gilla, Gille, Gilli, Gilling the Giant, Gylfi (Gyli), EGill (EGil, Beowulf), AGilaz (AeGili), EadGills / InGild (InGellus, InGeld), Giall-chad, Goidel-Gilas (Gael), MacCuill / (MaGuill), MacCairill / (MaGairill), Fir Gailion (MaGailion) / Gil-gamesh (Gil-gameš, Gil-Gamos), AbGallu. Kings of Gael / Irish / Scottish, AnGili / Engilish, Scandanavian Viking Yngling (YnGiling / Hardrada), Celtic, Scythian, Sumerian, Empires including hundreds of Irish/Scottish/EnGilish/Norwegian/Danish/Sweedish/Icelandic/Spanish/Celtic/European/Asian etc. Kingdoms & Kings.
Before and during medieval times, the majority of the inhabitants of Ireland and Scotland used as their personal name the prefix "Gille" as many were descendants. When the Clan system was formed in approximately the 11th century the majority dropped the "Gille," but retained "Mac," (meaning son of) and this applies to many Irish & Scottish names used today. Only the chiefs of the clan retained the full ancient name as their patronymic and continued to do so, for instance - MaGillecalum - "the son of Calum (St. Columba) the son of Gille" became MacCalum (& Malcolm). McGillichatten became Clan Chatten (kin with MacBains). The MacDowalls descend from Gille Domnan through King Fergus (Gille) of Galloway. MacGilleescoib or MacGilleasbaig is from whom Clan Campbell descends. MaGilleain - "the son of Leain the son of Gill" became MacLean, (McClean, McLean). McGillefhinnein - "the son of Fhinnein son of Gille" became (MacFhinnein) MacLennan. MacGhilleMhuire became Clan Morrison. McGilpatrick became Fitspatrick. Siol Gillebride was formed with King Somerled McGill (ebride) and Clan MacInness, Clan MacGillivray, Clan MacMasters and Clan MacEachearn etc. Clan MacAlister, Clan MacDonalds, Clan MacDougalls and Clan MacHeths etc. claim descent and links from King Somerled McGill (ibrigte) & through his daughter. MacDowall claims descent from Fergus (from Jarl Gilli or King Somerled McGill-ibrigte kinsman of King Lulach McGill-ecoemgain). Clan MacIntyre claims descent from King Somerled McGill through his nephew MacArill. Clan MacKintosh & Clan MacRae descended from Gilleoin of the Aird, Clan Matheson descended from Gilleoin., MacNeil descended from Gilleonan Macneil (from Gilleonan). MacMillan descended from Gillechriosd. MacNaghten descended from Gilchrist MacNauchtan (from Gilchrist). Clan Lamont, Clan MacLachlan, Clan MacEwen & MacSweens descendants of Gilchrist. Clan Ogilvy descend from Gillibride the second son of Gilliechriost. MhicGillebrath became Clan MacGillivray.
OrGill (Irish: Mac Fhear-Gail, pronounced Mick ArGill is an Irish Surname. It originates from Dublin and the old Irish Kingdom of AirGialla or Oriel / OrGiall in modern day Ulster and from Co. Monoghan with the town of OGhill. (MaGill CarGill DouGill etc.)
Saint FeirGil or Fhear-Gail also VerGilius of Salzburg (born c. 700 in Ireland; died 27 November 784 in Salzburg Austria was an early astronomer and bishop of Salzburg. He was educated in the Iona monastery and he is identical to Abbot FeirGil of Aghaboe Abbey in County Laois. He is said to have been a descendant of Niall of the Nine Hostages. In the "Annals of the Four Masters" and Ulster he is mentioned as Abbot of Aghaboe in county Laois.
FinGal comes from legends of Finn mac Gumhailla or Cumhailla.
Angels are a construct by Saxons who adopted enGillish which was used long before they arrived in Britain and the Norse were also in Ireland & Britain long before the 8th & 9th centuries a.d.
Megalithic ancient sites have important links with the name, like Göbekli Tepe in Turkey on the highest point of a mountain ridge near the town of Sanliurfa (Ur-fa) erected by hunter-gatherers 11,500 years ago in the Neolithic reaching back into the Mesolithic. This was built by those with beliefs that corresponds well with an ancient Sumerian belief that agriculture, animal husbandry and weaving had been brought to mankind from the sacred mountain Du-Ku, which was inhabited by Annuna-deities, very ancient gods without individual names.
Another link with the name Gille Domnann similar to D-man-isi the Georgian site of the birthplace of the first Europeans 1.8 million years old and only 1.5 metres tall just like the mythological Irish Leprechaun's.
The history of Sumerians or Sumer, taken to include the prehistoric Ubaid and Uruk periods, spans the 5th to 3rd millennia BC, ending with the downfall of the Third Dynasty of UR around 2004 BC, followed by the rise of Babylonia in the 18th century BC. The Sumerians claimed that their civilization had been brought, fully formed, to the first city of Eridu by their god or by his advisor or AbGallu (from ab=water, gal=big, lu=man).
Early traces of the name can be found in AbGallu King of Eridu first city of the Kings ca. 5400 BC & Gil-Gamesh who according to the Sumerian King list was the son of Lugalbanda and the fifth king of Uruk who ruled circa 2600 BC. He became the central character in the Epic of Gilgamesh poem of ancient Mesopotamia, (the cradle of civilisation) one of the best known works of early litrature which says that his mother was Ninsun a goddess.
The name Gil-gamesh also appears in Greek as Gil-gamos where the king of Babylon determines by oracle that his grandson Gilgamos will kill him, and throws him out of a high tower. An eagle breaks his fall and he survives.
Esa-Gila also appears as a Sumerian name signifying a temple dedicated to Marduk the protector god of Babylon and the Esa-Gila complex formed the centre of Babylon. The Gillan (Caspian) Sea and Gilan Province (Mesopotamia, Persia) has traces of inhabited settlements back some 75,000 years. The Babylonians went on to Rule the Phonecians in the late 7th Century BC, who had invented the Canaanite-Phoenecian alphabet, the ancester of all modern alphabets. These Phonecians had also built a Fortress in the 12 Century BC which is known today as the Fortress of St Gillies in Tripoli. These were the Phonecians that founded Carthage in 814 B.C. and an Empire with Geltic or Celtic and Iberian allied troops (Later King AGila Visigoths). Carthage later became capital of the Vandal Kingdom till 698A.D. The Vandals were an east Germanic tribe allied with the Goths, Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Burgundians and Franks under Clovis the First c.466 and much later Swedish Kings were termed Kings of the Swedes, the Goths and the Vendes (Vandals) from 1540A.D.
The Scythians first appeared in the historical record in the 8th century BC, their empire stretched into Germania, later dominated by closely related Samartians. Subsequent mention of Scythians in Babylonian texts occurs in connection with Media (Medes) Iran who by the 6th century BC together with the Babylonians clashed with the Neo-Assyrian Empire. Strab0 mentions the Sarmatians and significantly he points to a Celtic admixture in the region of the Basternae, who, he says, are of Germanic origin. The Celtic, Boii, Scordisci, Taurisci and Thracians are there. (7.3.2). Moreover, the peoples toward the north are Keltoskythai, "Celtic Scythians" (11.6.2).
Also in Viking Orkney Scotland which has been inhabited for at least 5,500 years. The Island's bay o sGaill (Gaelic) (MaGaill) or skaill also has the sGarra or skarra Brae ancient mounds, settlement on the west coast of Orkney Scotland, dating from the late Neolithic, and inhabited abt.3200 BC. It is Europe's most complete Neolithic village. There are many similarities with the famous Irish portal and passage mounds, tombs and entrances, at Newgrange and Brú na Bóinne co Meath Ireland originally built between abt.3300BC with megalithic art up to 11,000 years old. According to Carbon-14 dates, it is more than 500 years older than the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt, and predates Stonehenge trilithons built with blue stone from South Wales, by about 1,000 years . Both SGarra Brae & Newgrange also have similarities with Gamla Uppsala Sweden where Vikings have been buried for 2,000 years, since the area rose above water. There are cairns of splintered stone that reveal that the area was settled during the Nordic Bronze Age. They are The Royal burial mounds of The YnGlings (or YnGilings / Myrglings) the oldest known Scandinavian dynasty founded by Gyl-fi the earliest King in Scandinavia in Norse Mythology who was succeeded by Odin. Gylfaginning means "Deluding of Gylfi. Gilling is a Giant from the earliest times in Viking Sagas who owned the mead of poetry. The YnGlinga Saga relates to Odin and therefore also his predecessor Gyl-fi having travelled a great distance from Asia. All the burial mounds mentioned are also similar to the Scythian-Saka-Sibirian kurgans (burial mounds) in the Early Iron Age across Russia, Asia and China etc. left by the Gaels (MaGaels).
Gilmartin Glen or Kilmartin Glen abt.3000 BC in Argyll or ArGill (Meaning Land of the Gaels / MaGills) Scotland contains 350 Neolithic and Bronze Age relics within a 10 kilometre (6 mile) radius, including Dunadd hill fort at Loch Gil-phead. Loch Gil-p in Ar-Gyll or ArGill Scotland.
In Irish mythology Tuan MacCairill (MaGairill) abt.2680 BC, was a follower of Partholon who alone survived the plague that killed the rest of his people. Through a series of animal transformations he survived into Christian times, and told the story of his people to St. Finnian.
Fir Gailion (King Slainge) c.1934-1933 BC who were thus called because of their javelins and darts they carried, landed at Inber Slaine with a thousand men on Saturday in August. He received the portion of Ireland from Inber Colptha to Comar Tri nUisce. Slainge was the eldest of the five brothers who first landed in Ireland. He ruled in Leinster for one year before he died at Druim Fuar which was renamed Dumha Slaine as he was buried there. He is credited with inventing festivals in Ireland according to Fintan the wise in the 'Hawk of Achill' (Machill).
MacCuill (MaGuill) abt.1730-1700 BC a High King of Ireland of the Tuatha Dé Danann, from the Danube who travelled to the "Northern Isles" (Norway) where they learned many skills and magic in its four cities Fáilias, Gorias, Murias and Finias. From there they proceeded to the north of Scotland, bringing with them a treasure from each city -the four legendary treasures of Ireland. From Fáilias came Lia Fáil "the Stone of Fál"; also called the Stone of Destiny. MacCuill (MaGuill) was a son of Cermait, son of the Dagda and last king of the Tuatha Dé Danann before the coming of the Milesians and named after his god Gall, Goll or Coll, the hazel and his wife was Banba. Goídel Glas or Gilas was the creator of the Goidelic languages and the eponymous ancestor of the Gaels or MaGaels.
Finn is also an Irish clan name and means the colour "fair" and Eber Finn, 1700 BC High King of Ireland son of Mil Espaine and Scota (daughter of a Pharoe) and preceded as King by MaGuill or MacCuill and the Eóganachta are said to be his descendants, Cearmna Finn, 1533-1493 BC, Duach Finn, 904-894 BC, Ailill Finn, 795-786 BC, Fiatach Finn, 36-39 AD were High Kings of Ireland). Eochaid Faebar Glas or Gilas, son of Conmáel, and grandson of Eber Finn abt.1493 BC High King of Ireland. Giallchad (MaGiall) was high King of Ireland abt.777 BC. Eochu mac Ailella (or Eochaid), son of Ailill Finn, also High King of Ireland. Friso is also a legendary King 300 BC. According to 17th century chronicle Frisia seu de viris rebusque illustribus, and also the 19th century Oera Linda Book, Friso had been settled in the Punjab for well over a millennium before taking service with Alexander the Great eventually finding their way back to their ancestral homeland of Frisia, where Friso founded a dynasty of kings.
Fort-in-Gall in Gillmartin or Killmartin Scotland has two main claims to fame. In the churchyard, surrounded and protected by a stone wall and locked gate are the still growing and flourishing remains of the FortinGall Yew. The central heart of this tree has long since been removed by souvenir hunters (hence the wall), but it is thought to be 5000 years old. If so, it is probably the oldest living thing on Earth.
It is said that the village was the site of the Galedonian or Caledonian Chieftain Metellanus when he was visited by Roman envoys in about 20BC. It seems one of them fathered a child with a local girl. The child was taken back to Rome and grew up as Pontius Pilate.
According to legend, Scathach, lived some time in the centuries either side of 200BC. She was a mythical warrior queen whose fortress was on the Isle of Skye. Scáthach, whose name in Gaelic means "Shadowy" appears in the Red Branch Cycle, a collection of medieval Irish heroic legends and sagas that forms one of the four great cycles of Irish mythology. By some accounts she was the daughter of the King of Scythia which encompassed parts of Eastern Europe and Asia. She was a legendary warrior woman and martial arts teacher whose fortress Dún Scáith (Castle of Shadows) was on the Isle of Skye. The ruins of Dun Scathaich near Tarskavaig, which date back to the 1300s, are said to stand on the site of Dún Scáith. Scáthach was reputed to train only those young warriors already skilled and brave enough to penetrate the many defences of her fortress and gain access.
Scáthach appears in the Irish legends because one of those who successfully came to her for training was the legendary Ulster hero Cuichulainn, after whom, it is said, the Guillin or Cuillen on Skye are named. The back-story is that Cuchulainn had fallen in love with Emer, but her father, ForGall, only agreed to their marriage on the condition that Cuchulainn first completed his training as a warrior. Cuchulainn and his friend Ferdiad duly travelled to Skye and gained access to Dún Scáith, where she turned them into fully fledged warriors. She also gave Cúchulainn his deadly barbed spear, the Gáe Bulg.
As part of his training Cuchulainn helped Scáthach overcome a neighbouring female chieftain, Aífe or Aoife (who by some accounts was also Scáthach's sister), and forced her to make peace, in the process fathering a son by Aífe. Guchulainn also ended up sleeping with Scathach's daughter Uathach, whose husband Cochar Croibhe he then killed in a duel. On completion of his training, Scathach also slept with Cuchulainn.
By some accounts Scathach was also a formidable magician with the gift of prophecy. She also, again by some accounts, became the Geltic or Celtic goddess of the dead, ensuring the passage of those killed in battle to Tír na nÓg, the Land of Eternal Youth and the most popular of the Otherworlds in Geltic or Celtic mythology.
Scota is the name of a woman who featured in the medieval foundation myth of Ireland and Scotland and who, if she lived at all, lived some time in the centuries around 1400BC.
According to the early Irish chronicle Lebor Gabála Érenn or "The Book of the Taking of Ireland", Scota was the daughter of an Egyptian Pharaoh named Cingris. She married Niul, son of Fenius Farsaid, a Babylonian. They had a son, Goídel Gilas or Glas, who gave his name to the race he founded, the Gaels. He also created the Gaelic language by combining the best features of the 72 languages then in existence.
The modern Scottish version of the story dates back to John of Fordun's five volume Chronica Gentis Scotorum, published in about 1360. This first complete history of Scotland drew heavily on myth and legend in its early volumes, and Fordun seems to have rationalised several versions of the story of Scota found in Irish mythology into something that sounded right to him. According to Fordun, it was Goídel Gilas or Glas (who he calls Gythelos) who married a Pharaoh's daughter called Scota. Goídel Gilas or Gilas and Scota were subsequently exiled from Egypt (accounts differ as the the reason). After wandering for many years they eventually settled in the north west corner of what is now called Spain, near the modern city of A Coruña.
Having settled in Spain, they had a son, Míl Espáine. Míl Espáine married another woman called Scota was also the daughter of an Egyptian Pharaoh. This suggests that, depending on the source you believe, Scota was either the wife, the mother, or the grandmother or named after these of Míl Espáine. In some ways it doesn't actually matter, because the key purpose of this was the regal authority of the Kings of Ireland (and, subsequently, Scotland) back to a source of power that would never be questioned.
The story continues that Scota and Míl Espáine had a number of children. Two of their sons, Eber Finn and Érimón, later launched the "Milesian" invasion of Ireland (named after the "sons of Mil"), and after defeating the resident Tuatha Dé Danann or "peoples of the goddess Danu", divided the island of Ireland between them. Over time, some of the residents of the island came to call themselves Scoti, after Scota, as did the residents of Dalriada ArGyll in western Scotland, who, went on to form what is now Scotland for Kenneth I. As a final twist, among the possessions carried from Egypt by Scota was a 152kg sandstone block which had been used as a pillow by Jacob when he had the dream reported in Genesis about Jacob's Ladder. This became Scotland's Stone of Scone or Stone of Destiny. Hebrew : הגליל ha-Galil, Galilee (Galilea) included in West Galilee, Dan as the main town of the tribe of Dan.
The south west coast of Strathaird, the peninsula which is home to out-of-sight ElGol. The line of crofts that make up GlasnaGilleor GlasnaKillie, a mile this side of Elgol can however be made out. Strathaird can, in turn, easily blend into the magnificent arc of mountains that lies beyond a considerable distance beyond it, comprising the Black Guillin or Cuillin, Bla Bheinn and the Red Guillin or Cuillin.
The map will tell you that the next settlement along this coast is ToGavaig or Tokvaig. Frankly, this is so sparse and dispersed as to be easily missed, even in this remote landscape. You know you are close, however, when the road descends to run behind a pebble beach facing onto a bay. On the headland on the far side of the bay are the ruins of Dun SGathaich, or DunsGaith or Dunscaig Castle. Dating back to the 1300s this is thought to be the oldest standing castle on Skye: though not much of it is actually still standing. The castle was originally built for the MacAsGills or Macaskills, but McDonalds, James I and the MacLeods laid claim across the late 13th, and 14th to 16th centuries.
The pre-history of the castle is still more interesting. It was said to have been built in a single night with the help of a witch. This headland was also said to have been the location for the legendary "School for Heroes" run by the Geltic or Celtic warrior queen, SGathach, whose name is reflected in that of the castle. This is where, it is said, the Irish hero Guchulainn learned the art of war. His name lives on in that of the Guillins or Cuillins.
The Gills of Jat tribe of Gills fits under the branch of a predecessor umberella Gill tribe that ranged from Central Asia through modern day Caspian Region and India etc. and Gilla is also known as son of Hercules of Greece. The Indo Aryan/Greek mix theory is due to the timeframe in which Scythians/Yuezhi/White Huns or Suebi AnGili invaded and Alexanders invasion with his Greek army.
Generation A King Line, Prince Fiacha Fermara abt 200 B.C, Olioll Earon abt 180 B.C., Fearach abt 160 B.C., Forgo abt 140 B.C., Maine Wor abt. 120 B.C., Arnold (Don Adilla) abt 100 B.C., Kathrean abt 80 B.C. Trean abt 60 B.C., Rosin abt 40 B.C., Sin abt 20 B.C., Deagha abt 1 A.D., Jarr abt 20 A.D. Olioll Amglonnach abt 40 A.D.
Publius (or Gaius) Cornelius Tacitus (ca. 56 – ca. 117) was a Senator and a historian of the Roman Empire and describes Fenni (Finn) as a people living in Fennoscandia in the 1st century, mentioned in Germania in 97 A.D. They were Sarmatians (Scythians) and described as follows- In wonderful savageness live the nation of the Fennians, ......... they have accomplished a thing of infinite difficulty; that to them nothing remains even to be wished. The Sarmatians (Sarmatae or Sauromatae in Old Iranian Sarumatah 'archer' mentioned by classical authors, they migrated from Central Asia around fifth century B.C. and eventually settled in most of southern Europe. Pliny the Elder (Natural History book iv) wrote that the Latin Sarmatae is identical to the Greek Sauromatae. At their greatest reported extent these tribes ranged from the Vistula river to the mouth of the Danube and eastward to the Volga, and from the mysterious domain of the Hyperboreans in the north, southward to the shores of the Black and Caspian (Gillan) seas, including the region between them as far as the Caucasus mountains.
Gal-gacus (sometimes Calgacus or Calgacos) was the leader of the Galedonion Confederacy or Caledonian Confederacy who fought the Roman army of Gnaeus Agricola governor of Gallia Aquitania France then Brgante at the Battle of Mons Graupius in norther Scotland in AD 83 or 84. His name can be as interpreted as Celtic *galg-ac-os or calg-ac-os, "possessing a blade". The only historical source that features him is Tacitus Agricola which describes him as "the most distinguished for birth and valour among the chieftains". Tacitus wrote a speech for him in advance of the battle in which he describes the exploitation of Britain by Rome and rouses his troops to fight.
Galedonia or Caledonia is the Latin name given by the Roman Empire to a northern area of the island of Great Britain. The use of the name sometimes refers specifically to the area north of the Antonine Wall. The name represents that of a Gael Pictish tribe (Pictish meaning simply painted ones or tatooed) the Galedonii or Caledonnii, one amongst several in the region, though perhaps the dominant tribe. Their name can be found in 'Dùn Ghailleann or Dun Chailleann', the Scottish Gaelic word for the town of Dunkeld, and 'Sìdh Ghailleann or Sidh Chailleann / SGhiehallion or Schiehallion, "Fairy [hill] of the Galedonians or Caledonians".
The modern use of 'Galedonia or Caledonia' in EnGilish and Scots is as a romantic or poetic name for 'Scotland' itself is derived from Scota (daughter of a Pharoe), a Latin term for Ireland (also called Hibernia by the Romans), from which the Scoti peoples originated before resettling in northern Great Britain.
Clan Gholla or Cholla and Gael Irish king Conn-Ceud or Conn of the Hundred Battles the hundredth "Ard Righ" or was high king of Ireland in Tara till 157 A.D. The Cenel ComGail in Ireland goes back well before Conn of the 100 Battles 125ad., Cairfre Raida, founder of Dal Raida in Antrim Eire, Colla Uathais, Erc & Fergus Mor and Angus etc. These ancestors were regarded as the heads of the ancient race, and the lineal heirs of the kings of the Dalriadic Gael Irish & Scots. Cenel ComGaill from which came the Cenél nGabráin & King Kenneth MacAlpin (Cináed mac Ailpín) and the rival Cenél Loairn & northern kings of Moray Scotland and Cenél Conaill of Conall Gulban of Niall Noígiallach of Erc etc.
In AD 180 the Galedonians Or Caledonians took part in an invasion of Britannia, breached Hadrians Wall and were not brought under control for several years, eventually signing peace treaties with the governor Ulpius Marcellus. This suggests that they were capable of making formal agreements in unison despite supposedly having many different chieftains. However, Roman historians used the word "Galedonii or Caledonii" not only to refer to the Galedonii or Galedonii themselves, but also to any of the other tribes (both Gael Pictish or Brythonic) living north of Hadrians Wall, and it is uncertain whether these later were limited to individual groups or wider unions of tribes.
In 197 AD Dio Cassius records that the Galedonians or Caledonians aided in a further attack on the Roman frontier being led by the Maeatae and the Brigantes and probably inspired by the removal of garrisons on Hadrian's Wall by Clodius Albinus. He says the Galedonians broke the treaties they had made with Marcellus a few years earlier (Dio lxxvii, 12).The governor who arrived to oversee the regaining of control over Britannia after Albinus' defeat, Virus Lupus, was obliged to buy peace from the Maeatae rather than fight them. The Galedonians or Caledonians are next mentioned in 209, when they are said to have surrendered to the emperor Septimius Severus after he personally led a military expedition north of Hadrian's Wall, in search of a glorious military victory. Herodian and Dio wrote only in passing of the campaign but describe the Galedonians ceding territory to Rome as being the result. Dr. Colin Martin has suggested that the Severan campaigns did not seek a battle but instead sought to destroy the fertile agricultural land of eastern Scotland and thereby bring about genocide of the Galedonians through starvation.
By 210 however, the Galedonians had re-formed their alliance with the Maeatae and joined their fresh offensive. A punitive expedition led by Severus' son, Caracalla, was sent out with the purpose of slaughtering everyone it encountered from any of the northern tribes. Severus meanwhile prepared for total conquest but was already ill; he died at York in Britannia in 211. Caracalla attempted to take over command but when his troops refused to recognise him as emperor, he made peace with the Galedonians and retreated south of Hadrian's Wall to press his claim for the throne. Sheppard Frere suggests that Caracalla briefly continued the campaign after his father's death rather than immediately leaving, citing an apparent delay in his arrival in Rome and indirect numismatic and epigraphic factors that suggest he may instead have fully concluded the war but that Dio's hostility towards his subject led him to record the campaign as ending in a truce.
The British Isles were not fully conquered by Emperor Hadrian & the Romans due to the Gael & Norse of Dal Riada in the North West & Ireland and the Gael Norse of (Pictish, Alba), in the North East and they withdrew due to Visigoths (AGila) attacks on Italy.
Finn mac Cumhaill or Gumhaill is a 3rd Century mythical warrior and his son was the poet Oisín, Finn met druid and poet Finn Eces, or Finnegas, near the river Boyne probably Newgrange and studied under him. In 1761 the discovery of an epic written by Ossian (Oisín) the son of Fingal in the Scottish Gaelic language on the subject of "Fingal" (Fionnghall or Fionn Ghaill meaning "white stranger", it is suggested that the name was rendered as Fingal through a misapprehension of the name which in old Gaelic would appear as Finn.
COLLA UAIS MAC EOCHACH was born in Northern Ireland, and died ca. 337. More About COLLA UAIS MAC EOCHACH: A.k.a: Great Colla Fact 1: Founder of Clan Cholla Fact 2: Eldest son Fact 3: Aspired to the High Kinship in Tara, Ireland but was defeated by a cousin and forced to flee with his two brothers to his mother's people in Alba (Scotland) possibly in Collonsay
Fact 4: Returned to Ireland and won swordland among the old clans of the northern Ulaidh where they founded a small kingdom called Oriel (or Oirghialla) Child of COLLA UAIS MAC EOCHACH is: 9. i. EOCHAIDH9 MAC COLLA, b. Northern Ireland. ( Mac FhearGail is a Gaelic Irish surname MaGill with origination from the ancient kingdom of Oriel or OirGhialla, some migrated to Scotland under the Kingdom of Dal Riata where the surname gave rise to the western district of ArGyll meaning (Coast og the Gaels).
Creoda of Mercia is the great great great grandson of Offa son of eGill c.477 son of Wermund son of Whitlaeg c.400.
King EGil or AGilaz / AeGili (Proto-Germanic) c.500 becomes a legendary archer character of the Volundarkvioa and Thidreks Sagas and the same legend is reflected in the AeGili Runes over the Franks Casket and Alamannic AiGil of the Pforzen Buckle he is the son of a King Finn, (Finn, son of Folcwald, was a legendary Frisian King mentioned in Widsith, in Beowulf, in the Finnsburg Fragment and in Historia Britonum.
King CuelGils c.450 of Lindsey (Lindisfaras) Lincoln EnGililand descended from Geot, Godulf, Finn, Friooulf, Frealaf, Woden of AnGili.
Fourth in the descent from Con came Eochaid Doimlén his three sons were Cairell, Aodh, and Muredach or Colla Uais, Colla Meann and Colla da Crich. From Colla Uais comes AirGialla and Dal Riata. Erc was king of Irish Dál Riata until 474 A.D. Erc was probably the father of Fergus Mor, king of Dál Riata, though his immediate successor was Loarn, a kinsman who probably succeeded through the tanistry law. Assuming Erc was a member of Niall's family, he would also be of the Uí Néill royal line, as would be his descendants. This is supported by his son, Muirchertach mac Ercae becoming High King of Ireland in 504 although he may be descended from an older royal family dating to Conaire Cóem in the 2nd century. He was said to be followed as High King by Túathal Máelgarb. Angus is probably also descended or Erc.
Dub-Gil-cach mac Óengusso c.522 King of Munster Ireland. ComGall mac Domangairt d.538 (ComGaill) was king of Dál Riata he was the son of Domangart Réti and grandson of Fergus Mór who went from Ireland to Scotland and founded in Argyll or ArGill the kingdom of Dal Riada which later extended to become Scotland. Fergus's other grandson was Gabrán mac Domangairt and and his great-grandson Áedán mac Gabráin of Dal Riata. Domangart and Godfruich are claimed to be sons of Erc.
Generation No. 10. CRIOMTHAN10 MAC EOCHAIDH was born in Northern Ireland. More About CRIOMTHAN MAC EOCHAIDH: Fact 1: Ruler of Oriel (or OirGhialla), Antrim, Ireland Child of CRIOMTHAN MAC EOCHAIDH is: 11. i. ERC11 MAC CRIOMTHAN, b. Northern Ireland; d. ca. 502.
Generation No. 11. ERC11 MAC CRIOMTHAN was born in Northern Ireland, and died ca. 502. More About ERC MAC CRIOMTHAN: A.k.a: Erc of Dalriada Fact 1: Ruler of Oriel (or OirGhialla), Antrim, Ireland Children of ERC MAC CRIOMTHAN are: 12. i. FERGUS MOR12 MAC ERC, b. Northern Ireland; d. 500 to 511. ii. LORNE MAC ERC, b. Northern Ireland. More About LORNE MAC ERC: A.k.a: Loarne mac Erc Fact 1: One of the founders of Albain Dalriada Fact 2: ca. 500, Celtic chieftan who, with his two brothers, left Ireland to regain his lost inheritance in Alba (Scotland) Fact 3: 2nd son Fact 4: He was accompanied by (but not part of the Clan Lorne) some men from Oriel, Ireland who settled in ArGyll, Scotland Fact 5: Established a stronghold at Dunollie and settled his people in Colonsay, Lorne and in the coastland north to Morvern beyond Ardnamurchan and into northern Pictdom in Scotland Fact 6: The crown passed between Clan Ghabran and Clan ComGall (great nephews of Lorne mac Erc until the 7th century; at this time it was Clan Lorne who challenged Clan Gabhran for the Kingship iii. ANGUS MAC ERC.More About ANGUS MAC ERC: Fact 1: Youngest son Fact 2: ca. 500, One of the founders of Albain Dalriada Fact 3: Occupied the islands of Jura and Islay.
Generation A Cont. Colla Uais came Erc d.502 A.D. King of Dal Riata (Descendant of Conor Erc).
Generation No. 12. FERGUS MOR12 MAC ERC was born in Northern Ireland, and died 500 to 511. More About FERGUS MOR MAC ERC: A.k.a: King Fergus, I of Dalriada Fact 1: Celtic chieftan who, with his two brothers, left Ireland to regain his lost inheritance in Alba (Scotland) Fact 2: ca. 500, One of the founders of Albain Dalriada Fact 3: Crowned at Dunadd of the Kings, Dalriada near Cruachan along the western shore of Alba (Scotland) Fact 4: Settled his people at Kintyre, Knapdale, Arran and Bute with principle strongholds at Tarbert and Dunavertie, Scotland Child of FERGUS MOR MAC ERC is: 13. i. DOMANGART13 MAC FERGUS, b. Northern Ireland; d. ca. 511. (see MaGill Tartan found in Kintyre).
Generation No. 13. DOMANGART13 MAC FERGUS was born in Northern Ireland, and died ca. 511. More About DOMANGART MAC FERGUS: A.k.a: King Domangart of Dalriada Fact 1: ca. 500, Left Ireland with his father and uncles to regain their inheritance in Alba (Scotland) Fact 2: Bef. 511, The Kingship passed briefly to Domangart from his father Fergus and then to Domangart's son Comgall Children of DOMANGART MAC FERGUS are: 14. i. COMGALL14 MAC DOMANGART, b. Bef. 511, Northern Ireland; d. Bef. 560. 15. ii. GABHRAN MAC DOMANGART, b. Bef. 511, Northern Ireland; d. ca. 560.
Colm Cillie or Gille b.521 St Columba was born to Fedlimid and Eithne of the MacLochlainn house in Gartan, near Lough Gartan, County DoneGal, in Ireland. On his father's side he was great-great-grandson of Niall of the Nine Hostages an Irish high King of the 5th Century. Several islands are named after Columba in Scotland, including Chaluim Chille or Ghille (one of the Gaelic names of Iona), Inchcolm and Eilean Chaluim Chille or Ghille. He was an outstanding figure among the Gaelic missionary monks who introduced Christianity to the Picts. Columba became a pupil at the monastic school at Clonard Abbey, on the River Boyne in modern County Meath studying under St Finian. He visited the pagan king Briedi king of Fortriu, at his base in Inverness, winning the king's respect. He subsequently played a major role in the politics of the country. A northern recension of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle makes it clear that Fortriu was north of the Mounth (i.e. the eastern Grampians), in the area visited by Columba. The prophecy of Berchan says that King Dub was killed in the Plain of Fortriu. Another source, the Chronicle of the Kings of Alba, indicates that King Dub was killed at Forres, a location iin Moray. Moreover, additions to the Chronicle of Melrose confirm that Dub was killed by the men of Moray at Forres. The long poem known as The Prophecy of Berchán, a prophecy made in the Early Middle Ages, states that "Mac Bethad, the glorious king of Fortriu, will take [Scotland]." As Mac Bethad (Macbeth) was Mormaer of Moray before his kinsman Lulach McGill became King, there can be no doubt that Moray was how Fortriu was still understood in the High Middle Ages. Fortriu is also mentioned as one of the seven ancient Pictish kingdoms in the 13th-century source known as De Situ Albanie. There can be little or no doubt then that Fortriu centered on northern Scotland. Fortriu was in the north of Scotland, centered on Moray and Easter Ross, where most early Pictish monuments are located. Hence, it is in these areas that the united kingdom of the Picts originated, perhaps acquiring southern Pictland after the expulsion of the Northumbrians by King Bridei at the Battle on Dunnichen. Relocating Fortriu north of the Mounth increases the importance of the Gael Norse Vikings. After all, the Viking impact on the north was greater than in the south, and in the north, the Vikings made permanent territorial gains.
So the creation of Alba or Scotland from Gaeldonia and Pictland, traditionally associated with a conquest by Cinaed mac Ailpin in 843, can perhaps be better understood in this context. Alba is the Gaelic name fof Scotland. It is cognate to Albain in Irish Gaelic and Nalbin in Manx the other Goidelic Insular Celtic Language, as well as similar words in the Brythonic Insular Celtic languages of Cornish (Alban) and Welsh (Yr Alban) also meaning Scotland. Hence also the early classical name Albion. It was used by the Gaels to refer to the island as a whole until roughly the ninth or tenth centuries, when it came to be the name given to the kingdoms of the Gael Norse Scots, Dal Riata and Picts Pictavia, north of the Firth of Forth and Firth of Clyde, traditionally considered to have been unified by Kennith Mac Alpin. The region Breadalbane (Bràghad Albainn, the upper part of "Alba") takes its name from it as well. As time passed that kingdom incorporated others to the southern territories. It became Latinized in the High Medieval period as "Albania" This latter word was employed mainly by Celto-Latin writers., It was this word which passed into Middle English as Albany, although very rarely was this used for the kingdom of Scotland, but rather for the notional Duchy of Albany. From the latter the capital of the US state of New York, Albany, takes its name.
Generation A King Line cont. Domangart married Feidelm Fotchain daughter of Brian Mac Eochaid Mugmedon ancestor of the Kings of AirGialla.
Saint Gall, Gallen or Gallus c.550-c646 was one of the twelve companions of Saint Columbas on his mission from Ireland to the Continent and Lexeuill in Gaul then in 610 up the River Rhine to Bregenz till 612 when Gall was in Arbon and then remained in Swabia probably with the Suebi AnGili.
Generation No. 14. COMGALL14 MAC DOMANGART was born Bef. 511 in Northern Ireland, and died Bef. 560. More About COMGALL MAC DOMANGART: A.k.a: King ComGall of Dalriada Fact 1: Eldest son Fact 2: ca. 500, Left Ireland with his father and grandfather to regain their inheritance in Alba (Scotland) Fact 3: Founded a small clan which occupied Cowal with a fortress at Dunnon, Scotland Fact 4 1: The crown passed between Clan Ghabran and Clan ComGall until the 7th century; at this time it was Clan Lorne who challenged Clan Gabhran for the Kingship Fact 4 2: ca. 511, Inherited the crown from his father and after ComGall's death it passed to his younger brother Gabhran Child of COMGALL MAC DOMANGART is: 16. i. CONALL15 MAC COMGALL, b. Scotland.
15. GABHRAN14 MAC DOMANGART was born Bef. 511 in Northern Ireland, and died ca. 560. He married (2) MISS UNKNOWN, daughter of KING OF STRATHCLYDE. More About GABHRAN MAC DOMANGART: A.k.a: King Gabhran of Dalriada Fact 1: Younger son Fact 2: Left Ireland with his father and grandfather to regain their inheritance in Alba (Scotland) Fact 3: ca. 511, Became King after the death of his father Fact 4: The crown passed between Clan Ghabran and Clan ComGall until the 7th century; at this time it was Clan Lorne who challenged Clan Gabhran for the Kingship Fact 5: 574, His eldest son Eoghan did not inherit his father's crown instead it passed to his older brother ComGall, his son Conall and then to Gabhran's son Aedan bypassing Gabhran's son Eoghan; this was at the instigation of St. Columba who named Aedan as King Marital Status: Married twice More About MISS UNKNOWN: Religion: Christian Child of GABHRAN MAC DOMANGART is: i. EOGHAN15 MAC DOMANGART. More About EOGHAN MAC DOMANGART: Fact 1: Eldest son Fact 2: Was bypassed as king in favour of his younger half-brother Aedan. Child of GABHRAN MAC DOMANGART and MISS UNKNOWN is: 17. ii. AEDAN15 MAC GABHRAN, b. Scotland; d. 605, Kintyre, Scotland.
Generation A King Line cont, Gabran King of Scots of ArGyll became King upon his brother's ComGall's death, Gabran faught the Picts and was succeeded by ComGall's son Conall d.574. Gabran gave his name to one of the four divisions of the Dal Riata. Gabrans wife Ingenach or Lleian was daughter of Brychan Prince of Manau.
St Finnian or St. Uinniau of Moville (495 - 589), was a Christian missionary who became a legendary figure in medieval Ireland and a descendant of Fiatach the Fair and born in Ulster. Saint Dallan ForGaill was a Christian Irish Poet born c.530 AD in Magh Slécht, County Cavan, Ireland, and studied so intensively that he literally became blind from writing poetry. AGila was a Visigothic King of Hispania (Iberian) 549. St Gildas was in Strathclyde Scotland c. 570. Demman Mac Cairill or Gairill and Baetan Mac Cairill or Gairill was King of the Dal Fiatach and the Ulaid (Ulster Ireland) d. 572 probably also High King of Ireland. CyneGils King of Wessex AnGili or England.
Generation 15- 16. CONALL15 MAC COMGALL was born in Scotland. More About CONALL MAC COMGALL: A.k.a: King Conall of Dalriada Fact 1: Inherited the crown from his uncle Gabhran. Child of CONALL MAC COMGALL is: i. DUNCAN16 MAC CONALL, b. Scotland; d. 574, Kintyre, Scotland. More About DUNCAN MAC CONALL: A.k.a: King Duncan of Dalriada Cause of Death: Killed in battle Fact 1: Inherited the crown from his father.
17. AEDAN15 MAC GABHRAN was born in Scotland, and died 605 in Kintyre, Scotland. More About AEDAN MAC GABHRAN: A.k.a: King Aedan the Fair-haired of Dalriada Burial: Dalriada (Scotland) Fact 1: Bef. 574, Sub-king of Manau in Gododin Fact 2: Famed warlord whose battles are recorded in the Welsh epic 'Gododdin' Fact 3: Bef. 574, Fought with distinction at the Battle of Ardderyd Fact 4: 574, Crowned by St. Columba after his cousin Conal mac ComGall was killed in battle Fact 5: 575, At the Great Convention of Drum Ceatt at Mullagh Hill near Limvady, east of Derry in Ireland,, St. Columba's influence secured from the Picts, Aedan's rights to Dalriada Fact 6: 580, Led a seaborne expedition against Orkney pirates who were raiding the Hebrides Fact 7: 582, Drove his overlord Baetan and his Ulidian Irish out of the Isle of Man Fact 8: 583, The Angles made an attempt on Gododin and were defeated at Manaan in Stirlingshire Fact 9: 584, His sons Arthur and Eochaid were killed in a battle against the Maetea Picts near Catterick which was won by Aedan Fact 10: 603, His son Domangart was killed in a battle against the Angles at Degsastan (Dawstane in Liddesdale) Religion: Christian Children of AEDAN MAC GABHRAN are: i. ARTHUR16 MAC AEDAN, b. Scotland; d. 584, Catterick, Scotland. More About ARTHUR MAC AEDAN: Cause of Death: Killed in a battle against the Maetea Picts Fact 1: Eldest son Religion: Christian ii. EOCHAID MAC AEDAN, b. Scotland; d. 584, Catterick, Scotland. More About EOCHAID MAC AEDAN: Cause of Death: Killed in a battle against the Maetea Picts iii. DOMANGART MAC AEDAN, b. Scotland; d. 603, Degsastan (Dawstane in Liddesdale), Scotland. More About DOMANGART MAC AEDAN: Cause of Death: Killed in a battle against the Angles 18. iv. EOCHAIDH BUIDH MAC AEDAN, b. Scotland; d. ca. 621.
Generation A King Line cont, Aedan (of the Golden Hilted sword) King of Scots of Argyll d.606 (son of Gabran). Aedan succeeded to the kingship upon his cousin Conall's death in 574. In 576, Aedan attended the convention of Drum Cett in Ireland, which convened to decide the political relationship between Dal Riata and the Kings of the Northern Ui Neill who's power was growing. In 581 he led an expedition to the Orkney Islands and faught in the Isle of Man in 582. In 580 he faught the Maetae, his British neighbours and lost two sons in the battle. In 596, in the first battle between the Scots and English, two more of his sons were lost. In 600 he led an army against the Northumbrians at Degsastan. Aedan also faught the Picts between 596 and 606.
The first recorded encounter between Gilak (Gillan) Caspian warlords and invading Muslem Arab armies was in the battle of Jalula in 647 AD.
Saint Adomnán of Iona (627/8 – 704) was abbot of Iona Scotland (679-704).
Conaing Cuirre mac Con-Gaile was King of Brega & Cnogba/Knowth Ireland d.661.
InGild 672-d.718 King of Wessex AnGili or England.
The Annals of Ulster refers to a deceased County Down man in 698 as "nepos Predani", the Latin form of a "grandson of the Cruithne man". Despite a separate ethnic sense, the Cruithne / Cruthin groups were culturally a part of the Gaelic world at the arrival of Christianity and writing c.500AD.
Generation 16-18. EOCHAIDH BUIDH16 MAC AEDAN was born in Scotland, and died ca. 621. More About EOCHAIDH BUIDH MAC AEDAN: A.k.a: King Eochaidh of Dalriada Fact 1: 605, Succeeded his father as king Fact 2: 621, Deposed and son Domnall Breac was crowned king Fact 3: 737, 3 of his sons were killed in a battle at Mag Rath (Moyra) in defense of an exiled kinsman Congal Claen against Domnal the High King of Erin Child of EOCHAIDH BUIDH MAC AEDAN is: 19. i. DOMNALL BREAC17 MAC EOCHAIDH, b. Scotland; d. ca. 642, Strathcarron, Scotland.
Generation A King Line cont, Eochaidh Buid (Etach of the Yellow Locks) King of Scots of ArGyll d.629 (son of Aedan). Eochaidh succeeded his father in 606.
Generation No. 17 - 19. DOMNALL BREAC17 MAC EOCHAIDH was born in Scotland, and died ca. 642 in Strathcarron, Scotland. More About DOMNALL BREAC MAC EOCHAIDH: A.k.a: King Domnall of Dalriada / Domnall the Speckled Cause of Death: Killed in abattle with the Britons of Strathclyde Fact 1: 621, Succeded his father as king Fact 2: 634, Warred against the Picts Fact 3: 637, Invaded Ulster, Ireland in support of exiled kinsman Congal Claen against Domnal the High King of Erin; was beaten at Mag Rath (Moyra); 3 of his brothers were killed and he was held prisoner for a year Fact 4: 638, Warred against the Picts and was defeated at Glendmairison, Scotland Fact 5: His son Domangart succeeded him as king Child of DOMNALL BREAC MAC EOCHAIDH is: 20. i. DOMANGART18 MAC DOMNALL, b. Scotland; d. 672.
Generation A King Line cont, Domnall Brecc "the Speckled" King of scots of ArGyll d.642 (son of Eochaid Duid). Domnall succeeded the kingship from relation Connad Cerr. Domnall faught at Mag Rath in 637.
Generation No. 18- 20. DOMANGART18 MAC DOMNALL was born in Scotland, and died 672. More About DOMANGART MAC DOMNALL: A.k.a: King Domangart, II of Dalriada Fact 1: 642, Succeeded his father as king Fact 2: 672, His son Eochaid succeeded him as king Child of DOMANGART MAC DOMNALL is: 21. i. EOCHAIDH19 MAC DOMANGART, b. Scotland; d. 699.
Generation A King Line cont, Domangart King of Scots of ArGyll d.673 (son of Domnall Brecc).
Generation No. 19 - 21. EOCHAIDH19 MAC DOMANGART was born in Scotland, and died 699. More About EOCHAIDH MAC DOMANGART: A.k.a: King Eochaidh, II (Roman Nose) of Dalriada Cause of Death: Killed in battle against the Clan Lorne Fact 1: 672, Succeeded his father as king Fact 2: 677, Ferchar the Tall of Lorne seized the throne of Dalriada and then his son Selbach murdered his brother Ainfellach a rival for the crown; Selbach was king until 723 when Eochaid, III the son of Eochaidh Roman Nose regained the throne Marital Status: His wife was the daughter of the Pictish king Child of EOCHAIDH MAC DOMANGART is: 22. i. EOCHAIDH20 MAC EOCHAIDH, b. Scotland; d. 733.
Generation A King Line cont, Eochaidh "Crook Nose" King of Scots of ArGyll d.697 (son of Domangart).
Saint-Gillies-du-Gard is a 7th century benedictine monastery / commune in the Gard department in southern France.
Generation No. 20- 22. EOCHAIDH20 MAC EOCHAIDH was born in Scotland, and died 733. More About EOCHAIDH MAC EOCHAIDH: A.k.a: King Eochaidh, III of Dalriada Fact 1: 723, Regained the throne his father had lost to Ferchar the Tall of Lorne and then Selbach his son had taken Fact 2: 733, His son Aed Find succeeded him as king but was too young to rule; Clan Lorne took the crown which was lost to them when the Picts invaded and drowned the Lorne king ca.741 Fact 3: 741, His son Aed Find succeeded the Lorne king Child of EOCHAIDH MAC EOCHAIDH is: 23. i. AED FIND21 MAC EOCHAIDH, b. Scotland; d. 772.
Generation A King Line cont, Eochaidh King of Scots d.733 (son of Eochaidh "Crook Nose") Eochaidh's brother was Alpin.
Generation No. 21- 23. AED FIND21 MAC EOCHAIDH was born in Scotland, and died 772. More About AED FIND MAC EOCHAIDH: A.k.a: King Aed of Dalriada Fact 1: 742, Regained the crown when the Lorne king was drowned by the invading Picts; he reigned for 30 years Fact 2: Remembered among the Gaels as a lawgiver Fact 3: 772, His son Fergus Succeeded him Children of AED FIND MAC EOCHAIDH are: 24. i. FERGUS22 MAC AED, b. Scotland. 25. ii. EOCHAIDH MAC AED, b. Scotland.
Generation No. 22- 24. FERGUS22 MAC AED was born in Scotland. More About FERGUS MAC AED: A.k.a: Fergus, II of Oriel or OrGhialla Fact 1: 772 to 775, Succeeded his father as king but only ruled for 3 years; his brother Eochaidh, IV succeeded him as king Fact 2: 839, Aided the Dalriads in battle against the Viking Turgeis when the sub-king of Dalriada was killed Children of FERGUS MAC AED are: i. EACIME23 MAC FERGUS, b. Scotland. More About EACIME MAC FERGUS: A.k.a: King Eacime of ArGyll Fact 1: Descendants were local chiefs in ArGyll along the western coast of Dalriada, Scotland 26. ii. GODFREY MAC FERGUS, b. Scotland; d. 853.
Generation A King Line cont, Fergus d.733 (son of Eochaidh), Maine abt 750 (son of Fergus), Godfrey (Godfruich) "Toshach" (Ruler) of the Isles abt 780 (son of Maine), Niallghusa abt 815 (son of Godfrey) "Toshach", Suibne abt 845 (son of Niallghusa), Mearrdha abt 900 (son of Suibne), Solaim abt 930 (son of Mearrdha), Gill Edomnan abt 973 (son of Solaim), Gillebride Mac Gill d.1030 (son of Gill Edomnan), Somerled Mac Gill King of Argyll the Isles & Man d.1064 (son of Gillebride Mac Gill).
Saint Giles d.c.710 was a greek christian saint from Athens and one of the fourteen holy helpers and St Giles cathedral is in Edinburgh Scotland.
AGila II (711–714), King of the Visigoths Iberia where the Suebi AnGilli migrated to.
InGeld or InGellus c.797 King of Saxo Denmark descended of Halfdan (YnGilings / Scylding).
EGils Saga takes place in Rus and the land of the Huns and he is the grandfather of Ead-Gils / AldGillis / AldGils King of Frisia / Saxony 678. EadGils is also a Swedish/Viking King early 6th century and EGil (Hymiskvida) in Norse Mythology appears in the Hymisikvida poem with Norse God Thor.
EGill Skallagrimsson is a famous Icelandic Viking skald and berserker.
Forbassach Ua ConGaile d.714 King of Ui FailGhe Ireland.
The Fergus Scottish King line is claimed carried through Hugh the Fair Haired in 574 through Ethach of the Yellow Locks and Aidan of the Golden Hilted sword d. 621, to Etach III d.733 and Kenneth MacAlpin who married the daughter of Godfrey.
Generation No. 23- 26. GODFREY23 MAC FERGUS was born in Scotland, and died 853. He married MISS UNKNOWN. More About GODFREY MAC FERGUS: A.k.a: Toiseach (Captain) of the Isles Fact 1: My note: Probably a younger son as he did not inherit the title; the dates and his name Godfrey 'mac Fergus' lead me to believe that he was Fergus' son and not his grandson by Eacime mac Fergus More About MISS UNKNOWN: Fact 1: Heiress of the sub-king of Dalriada Child of GODFREY MAC FERGUS and MISS UNKNOWN is: 28. i. NIALLGHUSA24 MAC GODFREY, b. Scotland.
Generation B. King Line, Godfrey McFergus Prince of Oriel or OrGhailla & Lord of the Hebrides d.853 married the daughter of Alpin (Kenneth McAlpin's sister).
Generation No. 24- 28. NIALLGHUSA24 MAC GODFREY was born in Scotland. Child of NIALLGHUSA MAC GODFREY is: 30. i. SUIBNE25 MAC NIALLGHUSA, b. Scotland.
Cellach Tosach mac DonGaile (d. 809) King of Cheinnselaig Leinster Ireland.
In 844 the Gael Norse formed a Kingdom for Kenneth McAlpin but some remained unaffected by the union mainly in the western islands known as Innse-Gall or the Islands of the Strangers (MaGiolla) and the dominions of the Kings of the Isles. Áilgenán mac DonnGaile, d.853 and Máel Gualae mac DonnGaile, d.859 Kings of Munster Ireland.
Tuathal mac Maele-Brigte (d.854) King of Leinster of the Uí Muiredaig sept of the Ui Dunlainge branch of the Laigin and ancestor of Mael Coluim of Morey or Mael Coluim mac Mail Brigti King of Moray (1020-1029), and, as his name suggests, the son of a Máel Brigte, (as with his predecessor Findlaech mac Ruaidri "King of Scotland.") and brother of Gille Coemgáin King of Moray who was the father of Lulach mac Gille (coemgain) King of Scotland d.1058.
Harold the Fair Haired became King of the whole of Norway in 875 and persued some of his enemies who had fled to other parts of the Kingdom including Innse-Gall or Western Isles of Scotland & Ireland which he re-conquered with Man, the Hebrides, Shetlands and Orkneys etc. with his Gael Allies. Giric Macdhun-Ghail or Macdun-Gail King of the Picts 878-889. Dub Lachtna mac Máele Gualae, d.895 king of Munster.
In 839, Varangian mercenaries in the service of the Byzantine Empire, notably Harald Hardrada (Ynglings), campaigned in North Africa, Jerusalem, and other places in the Middle East. There is archaeological evidence that Vikings reached the city of Baghdad, the center of the Islamic Empire. The Norse regularly plied the Volga with their trade goods.
Generation No. 25 - 30. SUIBNE25 MAC NIALLGHUSA was born in Scotland. More About SUIBNE MAC NIALLGHUSA: A.k.a: Swyffine mac Niallghusa Child of SUIBNE MAC NIALLGHUSA is: 34. i. ECHMARCACH26 MAC SUIBNE, b. Scotland.
Generation No. 26- 34. ECHMARCACH26 MAC SUIBNE was born in Scotland. More About ECHMARCACH MAC SUIBNE: A.k.a: Imergi mac Suibne Fact 1: 1031, He has also been identified as 'Iehmare as one of the Kings who submitted to Canute Child of ECHMARCACH MAC SUIBNE is: 37. i. SOLMUND27 MAC ECHMARCACH, b. Scotland.
Generation No. 27- 37. SOLMUND27 MAC ECHMARCACH was born in Scotland. Child of SOLMUND MAC ECHMARCACH is: 40. i. ADDOMNAN28 MAC SOLMUND, b. Scotland; d. Ireland.
Kari Solmundarson (son of Solmund) was a Hebridean Viking c.990 from Njals saga.
The Gilak Deylamite (Gillan) were recorded in Muslem chronicles of Varangian Rus (Pre Russian Norse Vikings) in the 9th century as being non muslem and the only ones in the Caspian / Gillan region compared to Vilkings as equals for fighting and they had a role similar to the Swiss Reislaufer of the late middle ages in Europe and as mercenaries the Gilak served as far as Egypt, Islamic Spain and Khazar Kingdom etc.
Godfrey MacFERGUS d.853 King of The Isles Scotland, Niallghusa MacGODFREY, Suibhne MacNIALLGHUSA, Meargaigh MacSUIBHNE, Solaimh MacMEARGAIGH, Gilleadamnan MacSOLAIMH c.920, Gillebride MacGILLE (ADAMNAN), Gille MacGILLI (BRIDE) King of Angus and Clan Angus Scotland (dc. 1030), Somerled MacGILLE, King of ArGyll, the Hebrides & Kintyre & Lord of the Isles Scotland c.1090-1167. Next is Gille Brigte Earl of Angus d.1189, Gilla Crist mac Gille (Brigte) Earl of Angus 1206, Donchad mac Gilla (Christ) Earl of Angus who's sister Bethoc (Beatrix) married Walter Stewart 3rd High Steward of Scotland.
Fianamail mac Maele Tuile (d.680) & Tuathal mac Maele-Brigte (d.854), Kings of Leinster (of the Uí Muiredaig / Ui Dunlainge branch of the Laigin) and Mail Brigte Kings of Conaille Muirtheimne Ulster Ireland 869. and 878 & 890, are ancestors of Ruardi & Brother Mael Brigte and Gille Coemgáin mac Mail Brigti King of Moray who was the father of Lulach mac Gille (coemgain) King of Scotland d.1058. at the same time his relation Gille MacGilli (bride) King of Angus and Clan Angus Scotland (dc. 1030), father of King Somerled McGille at the same time both their relations Donnchad mac Gilla Patraic or Patraic mac Gilla d.1039 was King of Leinster Ireland.
Generation No. 28- 40. ADOMNAN28 MAC SOLMUND was born in Ireland. Notes for ADOMNAN MAC SOLMUND: More About ADOMNAN MAC SOLMUND: See St Adomnan b.628 in Drumhome, Donegal, Ireland part of cenal Conaill related to St Columba Child of ADOMNAN MAC SOLMUND is: 44. i. GILLE MAC ADOMNAN (MAC SOLMUND) & many others.
Generation No. 29- 40. GILLE MAC ADOMNAN28 (MAC SOLMUND) was born in Scotland, and died in Ireland. Notes for GILLE MAC ADOMNAN (MAC SOLMUND): More About GILLE MAC DOMNAN (MAC SOLMUND): Fact 1: Driven from the Isles by enemies and took refuge in Ireland. Child of GILLE MAC ADOMNAN (MAC SOLMUND) is: 44. i. GILLEBRIDE29 MAC GILL (MACDOMNAN), b. Scotland.& many others.
Generation B King Line cont, Eochaid, King of ArGyll c. 781 father to Alpin. (married a sister of Unuist, King of the Picts). Gille Domnann married the heiress of the marital union of Godfrey McFergus Prince of Oriel or Orghialla & Lord of the Hebrides who died in 853 A.D. and the daughter of Alpin (Kenneth McAlpin's sister). Gille Domnan (son of Solmund) was the son of Echmarcach MacRagnaill, Viking King of Dublin, Ireland who died in 1056. Echmarcach was the son of Ragnall, King of Waterford, Ireland who was killed in Dublin in 1035. Ragnall was the son of another Ragnall who died in 995.This Ragnall was the son of Ivaar, King of Waterford and Dublin, who died in 1000. Ivaar was the son of another Ivaar who died in 950. This earlier Ivaar was the son of another Ranald, King of Waterford, Dublin and York who died in 921. This Ranald was the son of King Guthorm (Siggurdsson?)who was married to the daughter of the Danish King Ragnar (Lodbrock?). Gille Domnans daughter married King Harold Gilli of Norway in Ireland an attempt to bring peace. Gille Domnans son Gillebride McGill returned to the coast of Scotland and took shelter in caves near Dunadd (the old center of Dalriadic rule). He married a Viking woman and they had a son, Somerled McGill born 1100-1164.
Gille MacAdomnan (Mac Solmund's) (c.973) son Gillebride MaGill (MacAdomnan) King of Angus and Clan Angus Scotland (dc. 1030) was the original "Ma/Mc/Mac" (meaning "son of") and father of Somerled MaGill (ebride) - (MacAdomnan), King of ArGyll the Hebrides & Kintyre & Lord of the Isles Scotland.
DuibhGhilla d.923 son of Robachan, lord of Ui-Cormaic Ireland.
Bruatur mac DubGilla (d.937) King of Cheinnselaig Leinster Ireland.
CronGilla Mac Cuilennain King of Conaille Muirtheimne Ulster Ireland d.937,
Cinaed mac cronGilla King of Conaille Muirtheimne, d.970.
Cuilén mac Ildulb or Guilen and nicknamed An Fionn, "the White" d.971 was king of Scotland (Alba) from 967. brother of Eochaid and son of King Indulf (Ildulb mac Causantín).
Hailes related in his Annals that Marcus King of the Isles, Kenneth King of the Scots and Malcolm King of the Cambri entered into a bond for mutual defense in 973. King Gille-domman abt.973 of ArGyll & Isles & Angus returned to Ireland with some Gael Norse Allies.
Gilla Patráic mac Donnchada 976-996 King of Osraige Ireland.
Gilla-Padraig d.982 King of Waterford Ireland, son of Imhar.
Gillacele d.993 son of Cearbhall King of Leinster Ireland.
Gilla Patraic 996 King of Ossory Ireland son of Donnchaidh king of Osraige.
Gillecoemgain mac Cinaeda c.999 son of Kenneth III of Scotland.
Gilla Christ ua Cuilennain King of Conaille Muirtheimne d. 999.
Generation No. 29- 44. GILLEBRIDE29 MAC GILL (MAC ADOMNAN) was born in Scotland. More About GILLEBRIDE MAC GILL (MAC ADOMNAN: A.k.a: Gillebride Na H'Uaimh / Gillebride Rig eilean shider Fact 1: 'Gillebride Na H'Uaimh' means: 'Gillebride of the cave'; later he was known as 'Gillebride Rig eilean shider' which means; 'King of the South Isles' Fact 2: Returned to Ireland Fact 3: Returned to Fermanagh, Ireland on the estate of MacGuire Fact 4: ca. 1130, He obtained the help of the Irish Clan Cholla and landed in ArGyll; he and son Somerled live in the caves of Morven Children of GILLEBRIDE MAC GILL (MAC ADOMNAN) are: 46. i. SOMERLED30 MAC GILL (MAC EBRIDE), b. Scotland; d. 1164, Renfrew, Scotland. 47. ii. NEIL MAC GILL ( MAC EBRIDE), b. Scotland. & many others.
The start of the 1st century saw Lulach MacGill (son of Gille Ecoemgain) King of Scotland d.1058. at the same time his relation Gille MacGill (son of Gille Ibride) King of Clan Angus Scotland (dc. 1030), (& father of King Somerled McGill) at the same time their relations Donnchad MacGill (son of Gille Apatraic) d.1039 was King of Leinster Ireland and many other Kings of parts of Ireland and North Britain (listed below) were MaGills.
Gilla ComGaill mac ArdGail 1004-1005 King of Ulster Ireland.
Gilla Ciarráin d.1014 at Clontarf King of Dublin & York & Norse parts of Ireland & Great Britain (son of Glún Iairn).
Gille abt.1015 son of Boite mac Cinaeda, grandson of King Kenneth II of Scotland & brother of Grouch.
Gilla Coemgin d.1017 Prince of Leinster son of Dunlang.
Gilla Críst 1018, son of Conaing son of ConGalach, i.e. the Chief of Clann Sínaig.
Gilla Ciarain d.1020 King of Mughdhorna Ireland son of Oisen.
Gille-bride MaGilli King of Angus and Clan Angus Scotland (dc. 1030), (Gille MacDomman's c.973 son) was the original "Ma/Mc/Mac" (meaning "son of") and father of Somerled MaGill (Mac Eebride) (MacDomnan), King of the Hebrides & Kintyre & Lord of the Isles Scotland.
Gille Coemgáin was King of Moray Scotland 1029-1032 (Son of Maelbrigte probably of Túathal Máelgarb & married to Grouch).
Tadg in Eich GIL Son of Conchobair King of Connacht Ireland 1030.
Patraic Donnchad MaGilla, King of Osraige & Leinster Ireland d.1039 (same king line as Tuathal mac Mael-Brigte d.854).
Giolla Seachnaill mac Giolla Mo Chonna 1033. King Deisceirt Bregh Ireland, do mharbhadh la Fiora Rois.
Mael Coluim mac Cinaeda (Maol Chaluim mac Choinnich), King of Scots known in modern anglicised regnal lists as Malcolm II (d.1034) son of Kenneth II (Cináed mac Maíl Coluim); and the Prophecy of Berchan says that his mother was a woman of Leinster Ireland and refers to him as Máel Coluim Forranach "the destroyer" had no sons.
The so-called House of Dunkeld, in Scottish Gaelic Dùn Ghailleann or Chailleann (meaning Fort of the Galedonii or Caledonni / of the Galedonians or Caledonians), is a historiographical and genealogical construct to illustrate the clear succession of Scottish Kings from 1034 to 1040 and from 1058 to 1290. It is dynastically sort of a continuation to Cenel nGabrain, "race of Fergus", as "house" an originally Gael Celtic concept to express one of the two rivalling leader clans of early medieval Scotland both including a third rival from these as Cenal ComGail, whose founding father is king Fergus Mor of Dalriada. This Ferguside royal clan had rivalled the crown (of Dalriada, then that of Alba) against the Cenel Loairn and Cenal ComGaill, the later House of Moray or the preceding four or more centuries. The Cenél nGabráin and Cenel ComGaill were represented by the so-called House of Alpin before Dunkeld. Genealogically the Dunkeld dynasty is based on Duncan I of Scotland being of a different agnatic clan (Irish Cenel Chonaill Ui Neill via Iona) to his predecessor and maternal grandfather Malcolm II of Scotland.
The so-called House of Moray is a historiographical and genealogical construct to illustrate the succession of rulers whose base was at the region of Moray Scotland and who ruled sometimes a larger kingdom. It is much the same as Cenel Loairn (although not necessarily exactly), and Cenel ComGaill originally Gael Celtic concept to express one of the two or three rivalling leader clans of early medieval Scotland. The so-called house of Loairn of Moray was distantly related to the Scottish House of Alpin and ComGaill, its rival, and claiming descent from the eponymous founder Loarn mac Eirc. Some of its members became the last kings of the Gael Picts (Painted Ones) while three centuries later, two members succeeded to the Scottish throne ruling Scotland from 1040 to 1058. At the times when a rival held the throne, the Loairn and ComGaill leaders however usually had their effectively independent state of Moray, where a succession of kings (kinglets) or mormaers ruled. The Loairn and ComGaill succession followed quite loyally the rules of tanistry, resulting in practice to outcomes where branches of the leaders' extended family rotated on the rulership, possibly keeping a balance between important branches (this is quite typical for tribal societies, where primogeniture is much less usual than agnatic seniority or turns on the throne). For example, MacBeth descended from one branch and his stepson Lulach MaGilli from another.
Not much nor convincing evidence survives that the House of Loairn and ComGaill followed in any way the postulated Pictish tradition of matrilineal succession. Rather, their succession seems to follow quite fully the Gael Irish-Celtic tradition of agnatic clan.
Following kings of Dal Riata are recorded to have been members of the Cenél Loairn / ComGaill: Ferchar Fota, Ainbcellach mac Ferchair, Selbach mac Ferchair, Dungal mac Selbaig, Muiredach mac Ainbcellaig, Cenél Loairn and Cenel ComGaill kings, in particular the descendants of Ferchar Fota, competed successfully for control of Dál Riata in the early 8th century, prior to the Gael Pictish mix of the kingdom by Oengus mac Fergusa. Following the death of Donchad mac Crinain in 1040, two members of the kindred ruled as Kings of Scots. Mac Bethad mac Findlaich (1040–1057), ardri Alban and Lulach Mac Gilli Comgain (1057–1058), ri Alban. Additionally, Giric mac dunGaill (878–889) was probably a member of this kindred. Already MacBeth's father and cousin (Lulach's uncle) had been "kings of Alba": Findlaich mac Ruaidhri, ri Alban, killed 1020, and Mael Coluim mac Mael Brighdi (or Brigte) mac Ruaidri, rí Alban (1020-1029). Lulach's son and grandson were, however, titled kings of Moray, not of Alba: Mael Snechtai mac Lulaich, ri Muireband Oengus mac inghine lulaich, ri Moréb (killed 1130).
Oengus of Moray (died 1130), who has no attestation of descending in male line from Cenel Loairn & Cenel ComGaill clan (he was son of daughter of Lulach), is the last known member of the kindred to have ruled Moray, after which it (supposedly) passed to William fitz Duncan (supposedly) of the Cenél nGabráin descended royal family.
Gilla Coluim d.1048 grandson of Eicnech, King of AirGialla Ireland. Domhnall, mac Giolla Chríost, mic Con Cuailgne, 1052 do mharbhadh King of Fer Rois Ireland.
Domnall mac Gilla Christ King of Conaille Muirtheimne Ulster, d.1052. Gilla Patraic 1055 King of Ossory Ireland. Lulach mac or maGille Comgaín, First King of Scotland of whom there are coronation details available, grandson of Kenneth III of the House of Ailpin of Erc of Conaire Cóem, d.1057–1058 & nephew of Macbeth, (MacBheatha mac Fhionnlaigh). Gilla Patraic mac Conchobair Ua Sibleain was King of Ui Failge Ireland 1051-1071. Gilla Domangart Ua Con Chaille ri Ua Niallan 1059.
Mael Sechlainn mac or maGilla Brigde Ua Faelan was King of Deis Mumhain Ireland 1059-1085. Gilla Muire 1059, son of Airechtach, Chief of Clann Sínaigh. Giolla Chiaráin 1062 King of Mughdhorn Ireland. Gilla Coemáin mac Gilla Shamthainne (fl. 1072) wrote poems of Lebor Gabála Érenn (The Book of the Taking of Ireland) recounting the mythical origins and history of the Irish race from the creation of the world down to the Middle Ages. Giolla Caoimhghin, who died in 1072, was the most celebrated Celtic poet and historian of his time. Copies of some of his pieces are preserved in the Book of Ballymole and Book of Leacan and form the basis for the Irish chronology of many after writers. Mac Giolla Dhídhe 1078, King Fernmhaighe Ireland. Gilla Moninne ua Eochada d.1086, chief of Clann Sínaigh. Macc conGail (ri na rend) King of the Rhinns Scotland d.1093 (Mann, Na Renna, Gallgaidelaib, Cenn Tire, Airir, Innse Gall possibly Fingal of Mann's son d1079).
DerborGaill daughter of Tadg, son of Gilla Pátraic, mother of Muirchertach Húa Bríáin King of Ireland…rested in Glendalough" in 1098.
Generation No. 30- 46. SOMERLED30 MAC GILL (MAC EBRIDE) was born in Scotland, and died 1164 in Renfrew, Scotland. He partnered/married (1) MISS UNKNOWN. He partnered (2) MISS BISSET. She was born in Glens of Antrim, Scotland. He partnered (3) MISS UNKNOWN. She was born in Lowlands, Scotland. He partnered/married (4) RAGNHILDA 1140, daughter of OLAF and MISS UNKNOWN & many others. More About SOMERLED MAC GILL (MAC EBRIDE): A.k.a: Soirle, Regulus of ArGyll Burial: Isle of Iona, Scotland Cause of Death: Murdered at Renfrew, Scotland by his nephew, Maurice mac Neil Fact 1: The name 'Somerled' means: 'Summer sailor'; 'Regulus' is a ruler or thane Fact 2: Descendant of Clan Conn and Clan Cholla and the royal house of Dalriada (ArGyll) Fact 3: Returned to Fermanagh, Ireland where with the help of Clan Cholla they returned to Argyll Fact 4: ca. 1130, Returned to Argyll with the help of relatives of the Clan Cholla Fact 5: ca. 1130, Lived in the caves of Morven when he was asked by the Clan Innes to become the new warlord against the enemies Fact 6: ca. 1140, Plotted with cousin Maurice MacNeill, a shipwright to overthrow Olaf of Man (Maurice's foster brother) and to wed Olaf's daughter Ragnhilda; Olaf allied with Somerled and they killed King Godfrey of Man by putting out his eyes Fact 7: 1140, Defeated King Godfrey of Man, Ragnhilda's 1st cousin and possessed the whole kingdom of Man & the Isles Fact 8: 6 January 1156, Defeated Godred of Man, son of Olaf and Somerled's brother-in-law and they divided up the Isles between thenselves; Somerled received all the Isles south of Ardnamurchan Fact 9: 1158, Deposed Godred of Man and expelled the enemies from the Western Isles which gained independence for southwest Scotland for 4 centuries; he took the title 'Regulus of Argyll' at this time Fact 10: ca. 1164, Warred against King Malcolm, IV of Scotland who plotted his death by treachery at Renfrew, Scotland Marital Status: Married twice; had 2 unions & more between his marriages which produced illegitimate children Religion: Gaelic More About MISS UNKNOWN: Marital Status: 1st wife of Somerled More About MISS BISSET: Marital Status: 1st or 2nd union (possibly a handfast marriage) between Somerled's 2 marriages More About MISS UNKNOWN: Marital Status: 1st or 2nd union (possibly a handfast marriage) between Somerled's 2 marriages More About RAGNHILDA: A.k.a: Princess Ragnhildis of Man Fact 1: Was part of the MacLeod clan Fact 2: ca. 1153, Inherited the Isle of Man from her father Fact 3: 1164, Her cousin Godred repossessed the Isle of Man after Ragnhilda's husband Somerled died Children of SOMERLED MAC GILL-EBRIDE and MISS UNKNOWN are: 49. i. SOMERLED31 MAC SOMERLED, d. Aft. 1164. 50. ii. GILLIECOLUM MAC SOMERLED, d. 1164, Renfrew, Scotland. Child of SOMERLED MAC GILL (MAC EBRIDE) and MISS BISSET is: 51. iii. GILLIES31 MAC SOMERLED. Child of SOMERLED MAC GILL (MAC EBRIDE) and MISS UNKNOWN is: iv. GALL31 MAC SGILLIN. More About GALL MAC SGILLIN: Fact 1: His name means: 'the foreigner' Fact 2: Son by possible handfast marriage; he was considered an heir of Somerled Fact 3: Inherited land on the mainland of Scotland from his father. Children of SOMERLED MAC GILL-EBRIDE and RAGNHILDA are: 52. v. RANALD31 MAC SOMERLED, b. Scotland; d. 1207. 53. vi. DUGALL MAC SOMERLED, b. Scotland. vii. BEATHAG, b. Scotland. More About BEATHAG: A.k.a: Beatrice Occupation: First prioress of Iona 54. viii. ANGUS MAC SOMERLED, b. Scotland; d. 1210, Moidart, Inverness-shire, Scotland. ix. OLAF MAC SOMERLED, b. Scotland. More About OLAF MAC SOMERLED: Fact 1: Died young Fact 2: 4th son.
47. NEIL30 MAC GILL (MC EBRIDE born in Scotland. Child of NEIL MAC GILL (MAC EBRIDE) is i. MAURICE31 MAC NEIL, b. Scotland. More About MAURICE MAC NEIL: Fact 1 1: 1164, Killed his uncle Somerled mac Gill-ebride and cousin Gillicolum mac Somerled on the orders of King Malcolm, IV of Scotland Fct 1 2: Named after Maurice mac Neill who had helped Somerled defeat Olaf by trickery.
Gilla Patraic "Ruad/Red" d.1103 King of Ossory. Harald Gilli - Magnusson (Born in Ireland), King of Norway 1103-1136 & Orkney Scotland from 1130. Somairle mac or maGille Bride or Brígte (aka Somerled MaGillbred or) King of Argyll & The Isles Scotland b.1100. d.1164 led Siol Gillebride with Clan MacInness, Clan MacGillivray, Clan MacMasters and Clan MacEachearn copied later by clan Chattan.
Gillachrist 1127, King of Feara-Manach, and Oirghiall. Gille Míchéil, Mormaer of Fife after Mormaer Beth d.1136. Chief of Iceland Ari Por-Gils-son 1067-1148. Derbfor-Gaill a daughter of king of Meath Ireland, (1108-1193). Gille Chlerig, Mormaer of Mar fl.1140s.
Ragnall ThorGillsson 1146 King of Dublin. Brotar ThorGillsson 1146 King of Dublin. Gille Brigte, fl.1150 Mormaer of Angus. Aed mac Donnchada (Gilla na Findmona), c.1151-1159 King of Ui Failghe Ireland. Hasculf Thor-Gills-son King of Dublin Ireland 1160-1171.
Gillecolm King of Galloway Scotland c.1130, 1185 faught alongside Gillepatraic.
Gilleandres was one of the six earls who besieged malcolm IV at Pert in 1160.
Gilla Coemgin -Húa Cenn-étig 1164 King of Ormand Ireland.
Domnall Mac Gilla Patraic or Patraic MaGilla King of Osraige Ireland 1165-1176.
There is a mention in the Battle of Renfrew in 1164 where one of Somerleds sons Gillabrigte was killed in battle with him.
Domnall Patráic Mac Gilla 1165-1176 King of Osraige.
MaGill / McGill of the Annals of the Four Masters in 1167: mac An Ghaill or MaGhaill. Aed mac or maGilla Braite was King of Breifne Ireland 1172-1176. Gille Brigte mac Fergusa Lord of Galloway Scotland 1185. descended from a great pedigree of Gall-Gaidhel kings, including Somerled and "Gilli," "Jarl" of the Western Isles Scotland his son was Máel Coluim mac Gille Brigte.
Generation A King Line cont, Prince Fergus de Galloway d.1096 was a cousin of Somerled Mac Gill through Gill Edomnan and was the first Lord of Galloway. He was possibly a son of King Olave the Red king of Man and therefore also Somerleds brother in law through Somerleds wife Ragnhildis.
Gille Críst, Earl of Menteith d.1189. Gille Brigte, Earl of Strathearn (1171-1223). Gilla–Patraig Ua Anluain was King of Air-Gialla Ireland c1198. Melaghlin macDomnaill MacGilla Pátraic King of Osraige Ireland 1185-1194.
Generation No. 31 - 49. SOMERLED31 MAC SOMERLED died Aft. 1164. More About SOMERLED MAC SOMERLED: A.k.a: Somerled the Younger Fact 1: Oldest legitimate son from 1st marriageFact 2: Was not considered as an heir to his father Fact 3: Inherited Morvern, Ardnamurchan and Glassary on the mainland of Scotland from his father Fact 4: Aspired to the title of 'Thane of Argyll' which title belonged to his half brother Ranald son of Somerled and Ragnhilda Fact 5: Began reiving (stealing) on the lands of Cowal and Lennox on the pretext that the people of these areas were harassing his lands in Argyll Fact 6: The King of Scots sent the Earl of March to subdue Somerled who was forced to treat Fact 7: Died shortly after the King of Scots gave him a pardon Children of SOMERLED MAC SOMERLED are: i. JOHN32 MAC SOMERLED. More About JOHN MAC SOMERLED: A.k.a: Ewen mac Somerled Fact 1: Eldest son Fact 2: After the death of his father he was fostered to his Uncle Ranald Fact 3: His father's land of Arnamurchan and Glassary in Argyll was repossesed by John's uncle Ranald and given to Muchdanach the father0in-law and supporter of John's uncle Dugall Fact 4: Murdered his uncle Dugall's father-in-law and supporter Muchdanachwho was the Chief of Ardnamurchan and Moudart Fact 5: His uncle Ranald threatened to execute him but "John said that he would ask no more of his father's but the lands of Ardnamurchan and Glassary in Argyll and 20 pounds land in Islay" which Ranald granted Fact 6: Retired to Ardnamurchan where no more is known of him Fact 7: Possible progenitor of the MacIains of Ardnamurchan ii. MAOLMORY MAC SOMERLED. More About MAOLMORY MAC SOMERLED: Fact 1: Second son Fact 2: After the death of his father , he went to Ireland and remained there.
50. GILLIECOLUM31 MAC SOMERLED died 1164 in Renfrew, Scotland. More About GILLIECOLUM MAC SOMERLED: Fact 1: Second legitimate son from 1st marriage Fact 2: Was considered as an heir to his father Fact 3: Probably assasinated with his father at Renfrew Child of GILLIECOLUM MAC SOMERLED is: i. SOMERLED32 MAC GILL (MAC COLUM) & others. More About SOMERLED MAC GILL (MAC COLUM) Fact 1: 1210, Inherited Kintyre after the death of his father Fact 2: 1221, Lost Kintyre when King Alexander, II invaded the Isles to quell the rebellion against him as King of Scotland.
Gilling Castle is a 12th century Castle in the village of Gilling East in the Rydale district of North Yorkshire, EnGiland.
51. GILLIES31 MAC SOMERLED More About GILLIES MAC SOMERLED: Fact 1: His name means: 'the servant' Fact 2: Son by possible handfast marriage; he was considered an heir of SomerledFact 3: Inherited land in Kintyre, Argyleshire, Scotland from his father Fact 4: Expelled from Kintyre by the mac Neills of Lennox; escaped to Ireland Children of GILLIES MAC SOMERLED are: i. MISS32 UNKNOWN, m. DHOMHUILL MAC RANALD; b. Scotland; d. 1250, Skipness, Kintyre, Argyleshire, Scotland. More About MISS UNKNOWN: Marital Status: 1st wife of Dhomhuill More About DHOMHUILL MAC RANALD: A.k.a: Donald of Islay (Lord of Inchegal) Burial: Iona, Scotland Fact 1: Clan MacDonald takes it's name from him. Fact 2: 1207, After his father's death , he inherrited Islay, southern Kintyre and the South Isles Fact 3: ca. 1207, Went with his uncle Dugall mac Somerled to visit King Magnus in Norway to have his land rights to the Isles (by his grandmother Ragnhildis) confirmed act 4: ca. 1207, Returned from Norway with colonists including the MacDuffies whom he settled in Colonsay and Oronsay; the MacDuffies settled in the stronghold of Dun Evan and later became the hereditary 'Keepers of the Records' in the Lordship of the Isles Fact 5: Aft. 1207, Killed his uncle Dugall mac Somerled along with his own wife's brother Callum Alin mac Gilles so that he could take possession of their lands Fact 6: ca. 1210, Granted a charter to the Monastery of Paisley Fact 7: 1211, Invaded Ireland while allied with his brother Ruairi and Thomas of Galloway to plunder the town of Derry and the peninsula of Innisowen Fact 8: 1212, With his brother Ruairi, he returned to Ireland to pillaged the churches Fact 9: 1214, Gave the MacKays refuge in Ugadale after they rebelled against King Alexander, II of Scotland; the king's envoy Sir William Rollock was murdered by Dhomhuill when he was sent by the king to treat Marital Status: Married twice Religion: Roman Catholic Retirement: ca. 1249, Gave up his lands and title to son Angus ii. CALLUM ALIN MAC GILLIES.or Calum Alpin Mac Gilli More About CALLUM ALIN MAC GILLIES: Cause of Death: Killed by his brother-in-law Dhomhuill mac Ranald.
52. RANALD31 MAC SOMERLED was born in Scotland, and died 1207. He married FIONA, daughter of EARL OF MORAY great great grandaughter of Lulach McGill (MAC IECOEMGAIN) was born in Scotland.
Gille Críst, Earl of Mar (d. c. 1203). Gille or Gilla Críst Mormaer of Angus 1206.
Gille Ruadh a.1234 was a Galwegian leader in South West Scotland.
Aengus Mac Gillafinnen 1234 Lord of Lough Erne & King of Fir-Manach.
Magnus MacGille Brigte or Christ 1236. Earl of Angus & Orkney.
Mac Giolla (McGill) 1238 was chief of Clan ConGail Ireland.
Gille Brigte MacMagnus or Magnus Mac Gillebrigte was Earl of Orkney & Angus & Caithness 1239.
Gilla-Patraig 1243 King of Oirgialla.
Gilbert de Moravia St Gilbert Bishop of Moray Scotland d.1245 was of purely Gaelic origin name of Gille Brigte (Gillebrìghde).
Donnchadh, Earl of Carrick (d. 1250) son of Gille Brigte.
Gille Brigte, MacGille Brigte was Earl of Orkney 1256.
Magnus MacGille Brigte was Earl of Orkney 1256–1273.
Gille Escoib or Gille Asbaig of Menstrie Argyll Scotland 1260.
Donnell Mac Gillafinnen 1281. Chief of Muintir-Feodachain. Annals of Ulster 1281
The battle of Disert-da-crich was fought between Cenel-Conaill and Cenel-Eoghain, the best killed there: namely, Maelruaniagh O'Bai-Ghill, chief of 'the Three Territories' and Cellach Ua Bai-Ghill, and Gilla Mac Flannchadha, chief of Dartraighi and Domnall Mac Gille-Fhinnen, chief of Muinnter-Peodachain and Aindiles O'Bai-Ghill and Dubhghall, his son and Gilla-in-Choimdegh O'Maeladuin, king of Lurg and Gilla-na-noc Mac Calredocai and Mael-Sechlainn, son of Niall Ua Bai-Ghill and Gilla-na-naem O'Eochagain etc. Henry Mac Gillafinnen 1310-22, Chief of Muintir Feódacháin. Risdeard mac Giolla Iosa Ruaidh King of Breifne (Muintir Maoilmhordha East Breifne Ireland 1330-1349), Cu Chonnacht mac Giolla Iosa Ruaidh 1349-1365 King of Breifne, Pilib mac Giolla Iosa Ruaidh 1365-1384 King of Breifne. Gilchreest Mac Gillafinnen 1385. Chief of Muintir-Pheodachain. Gilla-Isu Mag Uidhir, 1389. chief of Muinter-Peodachain. Giolla Iosa mac Pilib 1400 King of Breifne. Henry Mac Gilla-Finnein 1404. chief of Muinter-Peodachain. Henry the Red, son of Brian Mac Gilla-Finnein d.1439 Chief of Muinter-Peodachain. Mac Gillafinnen d.1445 Chief of Muintir-Pheodachain. Owen Mac Gillafinnen 1451. Chief of Muintir-Pheodachain, and Gillapatrick Boy Mac Gillafinnen. Conor Mac Gillafinnen d.1452 Chief of Muintir-Pheodachain. Mac Gillafinnen d.1492 Chief of Muintir-Pheodachain.
During the 13th and 14th centuries, the most important tribes in Lochaber were the MacGillonies (Mael-anfhaidh), Clan Donald & the Chattan Confederation. Traditionally, the MacGillonies (Mael-anfhaidh) consisted of three main tribes; the Macgillonies (Mac ghille-anfhaidh); the and the MacSorlies of Glennevis (Sliochd Shoirle Ruaidh)& the MacMartins of Letterfinlay. The MacGillonies are obviously to have provided the chief of this confederation of tribes.
In 1544 Clans fought a great clan battle, the Battle of the Shirts (Blar-ne-Leine in Gaelic) over the disputed chiefship of Clan Ranald. A large Clan coalition backed a son of the 5th Chief, Ranald Gallda or Gillda (the Stranger), which some of the MacDonalds found unnaceptable. The earl of Argyll intervined, refusing to let the two forces engage.
When Alasdair, sixth chief of Clan Ranald died--some say killed by his own kinsmen--a dispute arose over who should succeed him. The fourth Clanranald, Alan MacRuari of Moidart, beheaded in 1509 by order of James IV, had left a son, Ranald, by his wife Isabella Fraser, sister of Hugh Fraser, then Lord Lovat. Known as Ranald Gallda--the stranger-- the son of Alan MacRuari was fostered, by Highland custom, by his mother's people. In his absence, the MacDonalds turned to Ranald Gallda's cousin, an illegitimate son of the sixth Clanranald by a handfast union. John of Moidart--Iain Moidartach--was legitimized in 1531 by an Act of the Privy Council and assumed the chiefship. In 1540, he rebelled with several other Highland chiefs after James V annulled their charters, and was arrested and imprisoned in Edinburgh. Meanwhile, Lovat came west with his men to install Ranald in Castle Tioram.
In 1645, at the Battle of Auldearn in Nairnshire, Clans opposed the Royalist leader James graham 1st Marquess of Montrose, and faught from a small village at the mouth of Glen Strathfarrar. A poem about the Battle reads:
"Here Fraser Fraser kills,
a Browndoth kills a Browndoth.
A Bold a Bold,
and Lieth's by Lieth overthrown.
A Forbes against a Forbes and her doeth stand,
And Drummonds fight with Drummonds hand to hand.
THERE DITH MAGILL CAUSE A MAGILL TO DIE,
And Gordon doth the strength of Gordon try.
Oh! Scotland, were though Mad?
Off thine own native gore.
So Much till now thou never shedst before."
MacGillione or MacGill ' Eoinidh, was a famous hunter in the Grampian Mountains Scotland and several vestiges of his huts were be seen in the mountains of Atholl in 1785. The MacGillonies are said to have allied Clan Cameron & the MacLeans. An old proverb states: Is mairg don sguaban-stòthaidh bò mhaol odhar MhicGhill'Eoinidh (Pity the one whose store is the hornless brown cow of MacGillonie) MacGillonie's "brown cow" was the wild mountain doe.
Gillandres, one of the six earls who besieged Malcolm IV at Perth in 1160.
That most, if not all, of these earls were the descendants of the ancient maormors there can be little doubt. The natural presumption in this instance is strengthened by the fact that all the old authorities concur in asserting that the Gaelic name of the original Earls of Ross was O'Beolan - a corruption of Gilleoin, or Gillean, na h`Airde - or the descendants of Beolan.
In Celtic Scotland, it is stated that the hereditary lay priests of which he was the chief according to tradition, bore the name of O'Beollan; and MacVuirich, in the Black Boock of Clanranald, says that from Ferquhard was descended Gillapatrick the Red, son of Roderick, and known traditionally as the Red Priest, whose daughter, at a later date, married and carried the monastery lands of Lochalsh and Lochcarron to the Macdonalds of the Isles.
Dun RinGill is an iron aged hill fort on the Isle of Skye, Scotland on Clan Fingon land. Beinn na Cailleach near Broadford, Isle of Skye, is one of the Red Hills, or Red Cuillin (MaGuillin). Known as 'Hill of the Old Woman', on which there is reputedly buried either a Norwegian princess or 'a gigantic woman in the days of Fingal. The Cuillin (An Cuilthionn)(MaGuillin) are a range of rocky mountains located on the Isle of Skye in Scotland.
The McGillcuddy reeks are Irelands highest mountain range. Gilford (Irish: Áth Mhic Giolla ) is in County Down, Northern Ireland. Magilligan beach lies in the Northwest of County Londonderry, Northern Ireland, at the entrance to Lough Foyle.
King Aedh MaGill Braite O Ruairc of Breifne c.1066 - (son of Niall, son of Art Ullach and King Fergal or FerGill son of King Aed mac Fergal of Connacht and Briefne c.964) lived in a Castle now called Parke's Castle overlooking Lough Gill (Loch Gile in Irish), a lake mainly situated in County Sligo, but partly in County Leitrim in Ireland. It's 8km long, 2km wide and drains into the river Garavogue near Sligo Town.
Beinn Ghilas or Ghlas is a peak in Inveraray, Meall Glas is a mountain on the northern border of the Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park, north east of Crianlarich, Glas Maol Mounth hills, in the southeastern part of the Highlands, Beinn Ghuilean is in Knapdale & Kintyre, Càrn a' Ghille Cheàrr is in Tomintoul to Banff, Sgurr a' Choire Ghlais is a mountain in the North-west Highlands, Meallan Odhar Doire nan Gillean is in Killilan to Inverness, Sgurr nan Clach Geala is a mountain south-southeast of Ullapool in Ross and Cromarty in the Highlands and Eididh nan Clach Geala in Loch Broom to Strath Oykel Scotland.
The EnGilish name AnGillesey or Anglesey is in fact derived from the Old Norse, meaning 'OnGill's or Ongull's Island'. In the late 4th century and early 5th century, the Irish were in AnGilesey or Anglesey and the nearby Llyn Peninsula. LlanfairpwllgwynGyll and PwllgwynGyll are in AnGillesey. OE wealas means "foreigners" or "Welshmen" in Brythonic.
Gilli-ngham is a town in the Blackmore Vale area of Dorset, EnGiliand or England, of Roman settlement in the second century, the town was really established by the AnGili / Saxons. The church of St Mary the Virgin has an AnGili / Saxon cross shaft dating to 800-900AD. The name Gilli-ngham was used for the town in the Saxon charter of the 10th century, and also in the annals of 1016 as the location of a battle between Edmund II of England and the Danish Vikings. In the Domesday book of 1086 it is Gelingham, and later spellings include Gellingeham in 1130, Gyllingeham in 1152 and Gilingeham in 1209. The name implies a "homestead of the family or followers of a man called Gylla", a model consistent with the occupation of Dorset by the AnGilli Saxons from the 7th century. Gillingham in Kent England means a homestead of Gylla's family, from Old English ham (village, homestead) and ingas (family, followers), and was first recorded in 10th century as Gyllingeham. There's also one in Norfolk.
The Great 9th Century Viking cemeteries at (Gell or Cell Maignennan) Gilmainham of Kilmainham and Islandbridge to the west of Dublin.
Gilnahirk (from the Irish: Giolla na hAdhairce is a suburb of Belfast Northern Ireland. It is within the Castlereagh Borough Council area located in the East Belfast constituency. It lies around 5 miles east south east of Belfast City Hall. Gilnahirk is a name that dates back to the middle ages.
The AvinaGillan monolith, Garbh-airde, tarbet, ArGyll. This monolith stands near the head of West Loch Tarbert on the western shore near the road, close to where the Abhainn na Cuile flows into the loch. It stands six feet tall, three feet wide and six inches thick. It is aligned north-south. Just across the head of the Loch, about one mile to the south east, stand the five stones at Escart. These would be visible from the site itself if the forestry commission trees were not there. http://www.ancient-scotland.co.uk/site.php?a=12
Gillchriosd or Gillchroisd, Tobormory ArGyll. In common with a significant number of standing stones in Mull, this has squared off-faces and a level top. And is really quite substantial being 2.6 metres tall and 4 metres around. On clear days you can see across the sea to the Isles of Rhum and Skye. http://www.ancient-scotland.co.uk/site.php?a=211
Gilac or Glac Mhor. Dervaig C. Gilmore or Kilmore, Dervaig, Isle of Mull, ArGyll http://www.ancient-scotland.co.uk/site.php?a=166
SGillaig or Stillaig, Creag Losigte, Cnoc Pollphail, Low SGillaig or Stillaig, Dunoon, ArGyll. On the south western tip of the Cowal peninsula, with marvelous views over Loch Fyne, stand thress megaliths. One stands alone by the side of a track leading to Eilean Aoide. It is about six feet tall. Less than half a mile away and visible on the skyline in a col between two hills, stand the other two, one over ten feet tall, the other a broken stump. Within the same square mile are several cairns and outcrops of cup marked rocks. One of these is said to have faint Ogham lettering carved into it. http://www.ancient-scotland.co.uk/site.php?a=137
Temple Wood, Kilmartin or Gillmartin, Argyll. The beautifully placed stone circle at Temple Wood in the Kilmartin valley. The circle is about 40 feet (twelve metres) in diameter. Originally there was a circle of 22 stones. Three of these stones have been carved: one with a number of concentric circles; another with two spirals - one on each of two adjoining faces with the ends of the spirals meeting at the edge; and a third with cup-marks. In the centre of the circle a kerb-cairn was constructed over a cist in which cremated bones were found. Two cairns were built over cists outside the stone circle. Later a large cairn was built up which covered the inner cairn, the stone circle and the two outer cairns. Post holes from another stone circle were found just a little way from the main Temple Wood circle. http://www.ancient-scotland.co.uk/site.php?a=143
Achadh-Chaorann Monolith, Achachaorunn; Creag Na Guile or Cuile, Tarbet, Argyll.Towards the southern tip of the Knapdale peninsula stands this jagged and slightly leaning megalith. It is four and a half feet wide, seven feet tall, and only eight inches thick. It is aligned NNW and SSE and has at least four cup marks on the ENE face. http://www.ancient-scotland.co.uk/site.php?a=5
Achnabreck carved Rocksheet, LochGilphead, ArGyll. There is a group of extensively carved rock outcrops at Achnabreck, near Gilmartin or Kilmartin. Cup-and-ring marked rocks by their nature are difficult to date. However, it is clear that there were at least two phases in the decoration of this rock surface as some carvings overlay earlier markings. At Achnabreck is the unusual feature of a double spiral, as shown in the photographs. http://www.ancient-scotland.co.uk/site.php?a=8
9,000 year old hunter gatherer sites have been discovered on the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea and Somerled married Raghnailt the daughter of Olaf (or Amhlaibh), King of Mann.
The MaGill name itself has the dignity of Royal Lineage across many Kingdoms including Dal Riata, Lord of the Isles, and the path of predecessors.
ackerGill Tower is a famous Castle in ackerGill and a standing stone stll stands in ackerGill mains farm, Wick, Caithness Scotland. Magnus Mc Gill (ebrigte) was a Gael Earl of Caithness & Angus c.1236. auckenGill is a few miles further North just before John of Groats and Gills Bay is the most Northern Bay on the Mainland.
eGilsay is one of the Orkney Islands in Scotland, lying east of Rousay and it's where Saint Magnus the first earl of Orkney died c.1117. who's son was Gilbert Magnus son who's grand or great grandson was Magnus Mc Gill (ebrigte) Gael Earl of Caithness & Angus. c.1236.
Gill Town is in County Kildare Ireland.
The clan MaGill badge is the crest from the coat of arms is in the form of a phoenix rising from the flames and on the surrounding belt is the motto- 'SINE FINE'.
Sine Fine is Latin for Without End a quite appropriate motto to accompany a phoenix. The actual arms on the crest are 3 gold martlets (birds) on a red shield. Sine Fine is used as the motto in Ireland, and Britain while some MaGill/Mcgills use In Domino Confido and sometimes Grandescunt Aucta Labore, which is also used by McGill University, in Montreal, Quebec, Canada and a rendition of a Martlet can be found in their University Arms.
The crest is the similar for all three mottos.
McGill Family Mottos
"Sine Fine" (Without End)
"In Domino Confido" (I confide in the Lord)
"Grandescunt Aucta Labore" (By work all things increase and grow)
Martlets, the mythical bird without legs, which is in perpetual flight and represents eternal diligence.
The phoenix has some interesting associations. In Egyptian mythology the phoenix was called the Bennu bird and associated with the benben stone, thought to be an depicted as a meteorite. Some tradition hold that the Stone of Destiny, which was used in ceremony by the ancient Scottish Kings of Dal Raida, is also a meteorite. The relationship between the phoenix and the Stone of Destiny in Dalraidan culture becomes clearer.
There are two variations. Red shield, with 3 martlets (birds that look like canaries with no feet) The difference is that the Irish birds are gold, and the Scottish birds are silver. Above the shield is a phoenix rising from flames.
Martlet, (fr. Merlette, possibly the diminutive of the merula, merle, or blackbird): a bird resembling a swallow, with thighs but no visible legs. They form a very common bearing, being found in early Rolls, and are as common in French arms as in British. They may be of any tincture, even of ermine, and are very frequently represented in orle (q.v.). It is used also as the difference of the fourth son.
Yet another definition of the Martlet, also called a Swallow:
One who has been disposessed of land. Sign for fourth son. In Ireland the Martlett was the bird of perpetual movement.
The MaGill / Macgill Clan Badge
The wearing of the clan crest badge is a symbol of kinship between followers with the crest circled by a strap and buckle with the motto around the strap. Only the Chief and his heir may wear the crest without the strap and buckle.
The MaGill crest is described as "A pheonix in flames Proper."
McGill Heraldic Definitions
martlet or merion: a mythical bird shared like a martin with feathers in place of its legs, the mark of a fourth son.
The MaGill/McGill Tartan consisting of a sett of six colors: green, red, black, white, yellow, and blue.
A piece was discovered in Kintyre and is now in the Museum of Antiquities, Edinburgh. The current version, which is known as the MaGill/MacGill Society tartan."
It is referred to via the index number 1487 in the MacGregor Hastie Collection.
Most tartan companies and the like use the "MaGill" or "McGill" spelling. The registered tartan may also be worn by related spellings, names & septs etc, Gill, Mac gaill, mac ghill Bhrid, Mac ghill Breis, Gilbert, M' Gilchrist, Mc Gilchrist, Mac Gilderoy, Mac Gilla Brighde, Mac gilla duibh, Mac gilla ruaidh, Gillamoal, Gillebride, Gillechrist, Gillecrist, M' Gilleglasch, M' Gilleoin, Gilleownan, M' Gillequhame, M' Gillereache, Gilleroy, Gillespie, M' Gilleueras, M' Gillewey, M' Gillewie, M' Gillolane, M' Gillop, M' Gillvaray, M' Gillvray, Gilmore, M' Gilp, M' Gilvar, M' Gilvra, Make Gile, Gillen, McGillis, MacGillivray, Macgillichallum, MacGillycuddys, Makgilhewous, MacGill-Eain, Makgillane, MakGilroy, Gilligorm, Gilleain, Gillane, Gillimor, MacGillafinnens, Gille Fhinnein, Gille Chriosd, Cargill, Gillen, Gillanders, Gille Míchéil, McGillis, Glen, Cairnes, McGillanders, (MacGille Andrais), McGillcongall, (MacGille Congual), Mcgillespie, ( Mac Gille easpuig) MacGillies (Mac Gille Iosa), McGillifedder (Mac Gille Peader), McGillivantic (Mac Gille Mhanntaich), Mcgilliver, McGillivoir, McGilp (MacKillop) Gillett.
According to the formerly Dormant Makgill Oxenford UK peerage formerly created in 1651 and that at Ballynester, Ireland are related with almost identical crest. The arms are 3 gold martlets on a red shield. The Scottish houses at Rankiellor and Ramgally have the same arms with the motto: In Domino Confido.
The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs recognize this formerly Dormant "Makgill" as a former Dormant Scottish clan name although this spelling with a K is an anglican variation.